Yucca home planting and care photo

In the southern regions, yucca, a native of Central America, can grow in open ground, but in the middle lane it lacks warmth, so it can only be found in interior design. Yucca care at home should be based on the habits and preferences of the plant, laid down back in the homeland.

In nature, yucca is a fully or partially leafy, large shrub. If the plant’s foliage from the lower tiers dries up and falls off, the yucca is very similar to a palm tree with a bare lignified trunk and a bunch of stiff leaves at the top. However, it is wrong to consider this culture belonging to the agave family as a palm.

Yucca has dense, sticking out in different directions or slightly drooping leaves, pointed lanceolate in shape. The edges of the leaf blades are covered with long stiff hairs. In nature, the length of such a leaf can reach up to a meter; in indoor varieties, the leaves are more modest and often do not grow more than 50 cm. But in indoor yucca, as in the photo, the leaves can be not only green, but variegated, decorated with bright yellow or white stripes.

With such a harsh appearance, characteristic of plants of deserts and semi-deserts, yucca blooms amazingly beautifully, throwing out powerful vertical peduncles strewn with a mass of buds. The flowers resemble white, yellowish or pinkish bells.

Getting into the house as a fairly small plant, the yucca in a few years turns into a large bush or tree that requires special treatment and care.

How to care for yucca in order to keep its compact shape, small, room-friendly size? What needs to be done to make the plant feel like at home?

Features of caring for yucca at home

As a houseplant, varieties are most often grown that are accustomed to a dry climate and an abundance of sun in nature. Such specimens endure temperature fluctuations, are not afraid of dry apartment air, and are unpretentious in terms of soil composition.

And yet, such a hardy plant has weaknesses. For yucca, the main danger is excessive watering, especially in combination with cold indoor air.

For those who doubt whether it is necessary to water the yucca, it is better for the grower to postpone the procedure for a day or two. The plant will endure short-term thirst without any problems, but will immediately let you know about excess moisture.

The frequency of irrigation and the amount of irrigation moisture depends on:

  • from the season;
  • from the temperature and humidity of the air in the room or in the garden, where the plant is taken out for the summer months;
  • from the size of a room yucca flower, as in the photo;
  • on the volume of the pot and on the ability of the soil to evaporate water.

From spring to autumn, the soil is moistened frequently and abundantly as the substrate dries to a depth of 2–5 cm. Then watering becomes less frequent and sparing. The colder the room, the less water the plant consumes. Therefore, care for yucca at home is constantly being adjusted. Irrigation moisture should not penetrate inside the leaf outlet. It is better not to pour water between closely growing trunks in the same pot. In both cases, there is a risk of decay, which threatens to lose the flower.Watering is combined with top dressing, which is carried out from spring to autumn. It is especially important to support the plant during the flowering period.

For yucca, dry air is not terrible, but to keep the leaves clean and improve their breathing in hot weather, the crown can be wiped with a damp, well-wrung napkin. To avoid burns, after such a procedure, yucca should not be taken out in the sun. It is more correct to arrange a “washing” of the flower in the evening, because the crown will dry out well overnight.

Yucca loves light, warmth, but can not stand the cold wind and draft. To facilitate flower care at home, yucca find a place on the south window.

Large specimens are placed near the window. Plants also like this penumbra. The main thing is that direct sunlight falls on the crown for at least three hours a day, and the plant does not suffer from excessive dampness. In summer, the pot is taken out to the balcony or veranda. If the year is warm, and the owner of the flower is not afraid of its growth, then the yucca can be planted in the ground.

For a room yucca taken out into the fresh air, as in the photo, a temperature of the order of 18–25 ° C will be acceptable. But with a decrease in night temperatures to 12–16 ° C, it is better to return the pot to the house. The minimum allowable temperature for this crop is +8 °C.

How to transplant yucca at home?

Transplanting for yucca, as well as for other indoor crops, is a serious stress. Therefore, it is worth carrying out such a procedure in two cases:

  • when the root system has grown so much that it occupied the entire pot, leaving no space under the ground;
  • when a plant needs urgent help due to root rot or other mistakes made when caring for yucca at home.

In the first case, small plants are transferred to a pot of a slightly larger diameter, in which drainage is previously poured. Empty places are filled with fresh substrate, simultaneously updating the top layer of the old soil.

But how to plant a room yucca, in the photo, and care for it, if the plant already takes up a lot of space, and the owner does not want to allow further growth?

To limit growth, the pot is not changed. And before transplanting the yucca at home, the root system of the plant is cut off by about a quarter with a clean, sharp knife. Places of cuts are treated with ground charcoal. New drainage and soil are poured into the pot. And then the plant is planted. Be sure to pour a fresh substrate on top. The annual addition of new soil is also limited in a situation where the plant is already too large for transplanting.

After transplanting, the yucca is not watered at all for two days, and then the soil begins to be moistened very carefully and moderately, waiting for the surface to dry.

Yucca grows well in ready-made purchased substrate, but you can make the soil yourself by mixing sand and leafy soil in equal proportions. To provide nutrition, half the amount of humus is added to them.

Reproduction of yucca at home

As it grows, the trunk of the yucca becomes bare, and it becomes like a potted palm tree. The higher the tree becomes, the faster it loses its decorative effect. Keeping and caring for him is more and more problematic. How to return the plant to an acceptable size and former attractiveness?

It turns out that if you cut off the top of a yucca with a bunch of leaves and trunk fragments of at least 10 cm, then you can rejuvenate the old plant and get a new one. At the same time, caring for the yucca “palm”, in the photo, at home is not at all difficult.

The operation is carried out in the spring, when the growth period begins. Water the plant well beforehand. And after a couple of days, the top of the yucca is cut off with a sharp knife. The remaining stump can be trimmed, leaving the desired height. When the weeping cut dries a little, it is treated with garden pitch.

The pot is transferred from the shade, where the plant will spend about two months. In this case, the yucca does not need to be watered. Without a crown, the plant cannot consume water, which only becomes a source of disease and rot.

In the warmth on the stalk of the yucca, the kidneys that had slept before will soon become noticeable. When new rosettes of leaves develop from them, the plant is transferred to the light and the usual care of yucca at home begins.

The top is not thrown away, as it is an excellent planting material for the rapid propagation of yucca at home. The lower leaves from the top are carefully cut off, and then the stalk is added dropwise to wet sand, covered with a bag or film and put in heat. Rooting takes no more than a month, and then the top with its own roots is transferred to a pot where the yucca will grow further.

Yucca transplant after purchase – video

Indoor yucca is a beautiful and rather unpretentious plant in the home, it has firmly settled in city apartments. If you liked her, we will tell you about all the features of care and maintenance, and you can decide whether you need such a pet in your house.

Short description

Yucca belongs to the lily family and, despite its outward resemblance to the palm tree, has nothing to do with it. Her stem is tree-like, it is crowned with green or gray leaves, as if gathered in bunches. Depending on the species, its leaves can be smooth or covered with thorns along the edges.

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The palm tree blooms with large cup-shaped flowers, as a rule, the flowers do not come out one at a time, but are collected in large inflorescences. However, it is not a fact that you will see this sight – yucca blooms at home very rarely. The fruits look like a dry box and are not of aesthetic interest, however, in some species they are edible.

Select the desired type

Although there are about 30 varieties of yucca, only two are usually grown in urban apartments – elephant and aloe.

  1. Yucca ivory got its name because of the trunk, which with a wide massive base resembles the leg of the animal of the same name. The plant is very unpretentious to external conditions, does not require special knowledge and is ideal for living even in the most cramped conditions.
  2. Less common is aloe yucca, caring for it requires theoretical training. An adult palm tree, growing, takes the form of a ball and has wide leathery leaves.

Both of these types of room yucca will decorate your home. Which one to choose is up to you, but remember that regardless of your choice, both palm trees are unpretentious in care and will take the very minimum of your time.

Your home has a new tenant

The first thing that begins the life of a flower in your home is proper acclimatization, because new conditions are stressful for the plant. Experts recommend immediately after purchase to transplant it into a new pot of a larger diameter than the one in which it was sold, and completely change the soil. It is better if the new container is with high walls so that you can provide a sufficient level of drainage – at least 5 cm.

Particular attention should be paid to the soil. You can make up the soil for the plant yourself or buy it ready-made in the store, in this case, give preference to mixtures for palm and dracaena. If you prefer purchased, choose soil with a neutral acidic environment.

It is easy to prepare the soil yourself. You need to take one part of humus, two parts of sand and the same amount of sod and leafy soil. It is better to use sand of a coarse fraction in order to provide a better drainage effect.

Before immersing a yucca in a container intended for a plant, you need to lay out the bottom with gravel or expanded clay. The stem must be planted to a depth of no more than 3 centimeters, immersion to a greater depth threatens to rot the stem and kill the plant.

Features of the existence of palm trees at home: lighting, watering, ambient temperature

Since yucca comes from hot countries, an important question you will ask yourself is how to care for your homemade yucca palm.

Lighting, humidity

First you need to install it in the place of the apartment with sufficient illumination. It is especially important to have constant access to light for young plants. Along with this, you must protect the plant from direct sunlight.

With the onset of the warm season, it is advisable to put a palm tree on a balcony or on an open terrace. Be sure to ensure that it is not subjected to sudden changes in temperature and is not in a draft.

In winter, you can see how the plant bends, turning its whole body towards the light source. To avoid deformation of the stem, it is recommended to additionally highlight the yucca from about September. By the way, it is with the lack of light in the cramped conditions of city apartments that experts associate the fact that the plant blooms extremely rarely.

The best choice for placing a yucca is on a floor stand so that it is approximately flush with the windowsill. Be sure to make sure that it does not overheat due to the action of the central heating radiator. It is not recommended to install a pot with a plant on the floor due to insufficient lighting, and also close to a window glass due to the possibility of hypothermia.

For normal life, it is necessary to ensure the humidity of the microclimate of the apartment at a level of at least 40%. If your apartment has dry air, it is recommended to additionally moisten it around the plant with a spray bottle, spray the plant a couple of times a day, especially in winter.

About once a month, it is recommended to take the yucca to the bathroom and give it a shower to wash the pollution from the leaves.

In its habitual homeland, the palm tree exists in a subtropical and temperate climate. The temperature in summer should not exceed 26 degrees, in winter – 20 degrees. Most importantly, try to avoid sudden changes in temperature, for example, open windows at night to ventilate windows, because this can lead to the death of the plant in a short time.

If you want to start a palm tree and do not dare, know that the yucca palm requires minimal care at home, even a beginner in plant growing can handle it without any problems.

Watering

Irrigation features depend primarily on the time of year. The palm tree is quite resistant to arid climates, so the size of the pot and the palm itself, as well as its age, should influence the intensity of watering. For example, a small palm tree that you just brought home needs to be moistened every day, but little by little, and an adult plant in an outdoor tub needs to be watered once every two to three weeks.

To calculate the optimal amount of water that needs to moisten the soil, you need to know the approximate amount of soil in the pot. Make the calculation according to the formula: one liter of water for every four liters of soil.

In the summer from May to September, at an average daily temperature of 22 degrees, you need to water the yucca about once a week, the colder it gets, the less often it needs watering. If the room temperature has stopped at 18 degrees, you only need to moisten the soil a little more than once a month.

Pay attention to the condition of the topsoil in the pot. It must be dry before watering. With the help of a wooden stick stuck in a pot, you will be able to assess the moisture content of the earth and below, in the interval between waterings, it should dry out by half or even two-thirds of the total height.

It is important to know some features of watering and always pay attention to them.

  1. Do not allow water to stand in the pot tray, where it can drain during watering. Always empty the pan, otherwise, from excess moisture, the roots may begin to rot, and the plant will die.
  2. If the top layer of soil remains wet for several days after watering, it means that it has hardened and water does not penetrate into the pot. It is necessary to loosen the soil with the help of an improvised tool, for example, the wooden stick mentioned above.
  3. Pay attention to the condition of the soil during periods when the humidity level changes in the apartment. At this time, it dries much more slowly, while maintaining the usual watering regime, you risk ruining the roots of the plant.

top dressing

The palm does not need any special feeding. Fertilizers are applied from April to August, it is best to use a special liquid product for this, which is sold specifically for feeding palm trees and dracaena. In winter, the plant does not need to be fed.

Remember that immediately after purchase or after transplanting, the plant does not need to be fed, as you need to give it time to recover and not subject it to additional stress. If during transplantation you used a special balanced soil for palm trees, then for about a year the yucca does not need additional nutrition.

Video “How to care for home palm yucca”

Yucca transplant

Yucca, like any other plant, requires a transplant in addition to care. It is recommended to carry out this procedure no more than once every two years, each time replacing the pot with a larger one, and making a partial replacement of the soil. There are no special restrictions on transplant time, but the spring months are considered the best.

When taking the plant out of the pot, try not to injure the roots, otherwise, after transplanting, the palm tree will be sick for a long time, and the adaptation process will be delayed for a long time, if at all it will survive it.

Before transplanting a yucca, at least 5 centimeters of drainage should be laid out at the bottom of the new pot. If it seems to you that the soil has not lost its nutritional properties, transplanting a palm tree should be done by transferring an earthen clod with roots to a new pot. The space between the lump and the walls of the pot is filled with new suitable soil. It is better if it is the same potting mix that you used in the previous transplant, in which case the stress time will be reduced.

pruning

The palm tree is pruned in order to rejuvenate the plant and give it a beautiful shape. If the yucca is strongly stretched upwards, circumcision is also carried out.

The procedure is best done in the spring, when the plant stops growing. Before cutting the yucca, the indoor tool must be disinfected with alcohol.
The cut should be brought to the end, and not break off the branches with leaves, so as not to hurt the growth points. Places of cuts must be treated with crushed coal to prevent the process of decay. After the operation, the plant is returned to its usual habitat and watering is provided according to the existing climate conditions. The cut parts of the plant are not thrown away, but used for reproduction.

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Video “Reproduction of yucca”

Diseases

The main indicator that something is not right with the plant is the leaves. Any change in their color and shape should alert you. Yucca room disease tolerates quite easily, it is only important to know their symptoms so as not to start the lesion.

  1. If you notice that yucca leaves suddenly become covered with large brown spots, this is evidence that a fungus has settled on them, caused by waterlogging of the soil or air. Diseased leaves must be removed to prevent the fungus from spreading. After that, you immediately need to change the plant’s place of residence, moving it to a drier part of the apartment, and stop spraying the air around it.
  2. A more serious type of fungal infection is stem rot. This is again due to waterlogging and lack of fresh air. After taking the measures described in the previous paragraph, a partially diseased plant can still be saved by cleaning the festering sections of the stem. If the rotting process could not be stopped, the palm tree should be disposed of along with the pot so that the disease does not spread to other house plants.

As you already understood, yucca is not particularly capricious, extremely unpretentious and, with proper care, is practically not susceptible to diseases.

Pests

Pests that infect the plant are also typical of most domestic plant dwellers: false scales, spider mites and aphids – that’s all the parasites that love to settle on a palm tree.

  1. A plant affected by a false shield cannot be confused with anything. It looks like it withered without watering, the leaves wither and fall off, and without treatment, the yucca may die. In stores specializing in home plants, you can easily find a remedy called Actellik, which will help get rid of this scourge.
  2. The symptoms of a tick infection are similar, as is the treatment, in addition, it is necessary to increase the level of air humidity, since the tick starts only in rooms with a dry climate.
  3. It is difficult to fight aphids, so insecticides are used. Together with them, you can wipe the leaves of the plant with a solution with the addition of ordinary laundry soap.

Diseases and parasites appear only on those plants that are not properly cared for. By creating a good climate and providing adequate watering, you will protect your plant from harm.

Yucca and family environment

Experts unanimously claim that yucca can be kept in almost any family, its leaves are not poisonous and do not cause allergies, however, they still do not recommend keeping it in the bedroom.The plant requires moderate moisture and a constant temperature, and this will benefit the rest of the inhabitants of the apartment. You will never forget to maintain a healthy microclimate in the apartment, and if it ceases to be healthy, the palm tree will tell you about it with its appearance so that you can take action in time.

Now you know how a home plant – yucca is just a godsend. Keeping it at home is a pleasure, in addition to all the advantages described in the article, such as unpretentiousness, minimal maintenance required, it also looks very beautiful and impressive and is part of the interior of the apartment.

Esoteric experts recommend keeping it in places where there are strangers, because they believe that the plant will help protect the owners of the apartment from the evil eye and negative emotions.

Yucca is an evergreen tree from North America. Yucca is usually attributed to the Agave family. It looks like a palm tree and is perfect for decorating living rooms.

Growing features

Lighting and location. The ideal place to place the yucca would be the southeast and southwest windows.

Temperature regime. From early spring to early autumn, room temperature should be maintained from 19 to 25 degrees. And from mid-autumn to the end of winter, from 8 to 10 degrees above zero.

Air humidity and watering rules. Periodic dusting of the leaves will suffice. To understand that there is a need for watering a plant, you need to pay attention to the shape of the foliage.

Fertilizer . You need to fertilize yucca once every three weeks in the summer and spring.

How to transplant correctly At least once every couple of years.

Yucca cut. Yucca pruning should be done after “hibernation” in order to be in time before the vegetative period.

Reproduction. The most popular propagation method is cuttings.

Pests and diseases. At home, thrips, scale insects, aphids, etc. can harm yucca. Excessive moisture leads to root rot, as well as stem rot, bacterial burns, etc.

Appearance

Yucca leaves cannot boast of a bright color (although some varieties have yellow and white striped leaves), but they have a very spectacular shape: they can grow in a spiral, completely covering the tree trunk, or they can stick up and to the sides.

Yucca appearance

In the wild, it grows in tropical and subtropical zones. It has erect inflorescences, up to two meters long. They sprout from the very center and resemble panicles in shape.

Yucca does not belong to those green pets that are purchased for the sake of beautiful flowering. Although yucca flowers resemble small bells, they can only be seen when the yucca is old enough. However, with room care, it is quite difficult to see yucca flowers.

Yucca care at home

Care is as follows: you need a deep pot with high-quality drainage, which can be taken outside in the summer. With the onset of cold weather, it is advisable to keep yucca in a lighted, but cool room.

It is also necessary to maintain sufficient moisture and ensure that the composition of the soil corresponds to the desired name. Do not forget about the timely pest control and treatment of diseases in yucca. Be sure to apply the required fertilizers. Properly carry out the process of transplantation and reproduction.

Lighting and location

In order to avoid problems with a beautiful formation, the yucca needs to be provided with a sufficient amount of light. Especially this factor has an impact on the growth of young plants. However, do not forget that they, due to their youth, are quite vulnerable to the burning rays of the sun. So, at the sunny zenith, the yucca should be slightly shaded – removed from the sunny windowsill.

Illumination and location of yucca

There, the yucca will not lack sun. Otherwise, the consequences will be sad: the leaves will begin to turn pale and yellow, or they will become food for the mealybug.

It is important in winter to make additional lighting. In our country, daylight hours for yucca should be extended to 17 hours. Daylight bulbs are perfect for this. They can be purchased at a specialized store.

Temperature regime

If the thermometer drops above 25, then it is simply necessary to provide sufficient humidity for the yucca. This can be done by spraying the yucca with a spray bottle, as well as moistening the expanded clay on which the flower pot is located.

  • In this case, yucca requires 8 to 10 degrees above zero from mid-autumn to late winter.
  • An ideal room in a city apartment for a yucca would be a heated balcony or loggia. There she will feel comfortable.
  • In the absence of the necessary cool room, you should place the yucca closer to the window. Under conditions of periodic ventilation, yucca will endure the winter with minimal damage to growth and development. However, keep in mind that in some cases, especially with a sharp drop in temperature, it may die.

Air humidity and watering rules

Unlike most indoor flowers, yucca does not require constant spraying. This care should be alternated with a warm shower.

watering yucca

The ideal option for providing foliage with moisture would be summer rains. This is provided that in the warm season the yucca is outside.

  • Do not spray yucca leaves if they are under the sun – burns may occur.
  • When taking a shower, the pot of yucca with soil should be covered with a plastic bag and do not allow waterlogging.
  • There are varieties of yucca that do not require spraying. You should pay attention to this!
  • Yucca, like all palm plants, does not tolerate a lot of moisture, so in the summer it should be watered only once a week.

How to properly water depends on the age and type of yucca, as well as the size of the container. If the foliage is bent down, then watering is not necessary yet. And if it twists and the soil becomes dry, then immediately provide the plant with the necessary moisture.

fertilizers

In winter, the yucca comes to rest and there is no need to fertilize. A solution of special mineral additives has a beneficial effect on yucca. The additive in the form of a tincture, in which mullein and manure are mixed, will perfectly affect. It is not necessary to add additives to the soil, an excellent result can be achieved by spraying the back of the plant leaf. But it is worth remembering the mandatory rules for yucca:

  • You should not feed a yucca after it has been transplanted into another container. Plant transplantation is a big stress for him. You need to wait a while and provide proper care.
  • Do not supplement when sick.
  • There is no need for additives in the summer and spring period, since even without them there is an active growth process.

How to transplant yucca

The main sign that it is time to transplant a yucca is a bifurcation of the trunk. But you need to carry out the transplant correctly so as not to harm.

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yucca bifurcation

First you need to decide on the time of year. In winter, it is better not to replant yucca, so as not to disturb the dormant period. Spring is considered the best time. Even if damage to the roots occurs, then at this important time of increased growth and gain of strength, the yucca will be able to rehabilitate itself.

Yucca transplant

The only exception is the moment of purchase of the plant. Importantly, the acquired yucca MUST be transplanted in the next two days. This is necessary because the transportation of plants for sale is carried out in a special short-lived substrate.

  • Before transplanting, you should take care of the flowerpot so that it is a couple of centimeters in diameter larger than the previous one. This is necessary for the further development of the root system.
  • An excellent material for a yucca pot is clay or ceramics. They pass oxygen better and are made from natural ingredients, thereby providing proper care.
  • If there are no drainage holes in the flower container, then you should make them yourself, in order to avoid rotting of the roots.
  • The role of drainage can be played by a chipped brick or eggshell.
  • The soil is poured on top of the drainage. It can be purchased at a specialized store or you can cook it yourself. An obligatory component is sand, for the rapid absorption of moisture, as well as turf and humus.
  • When transplanting yucca, the density of the earth must not be violated. It is necessary to carry out the process by the method of transshipment.
  • After transshipment, it is necessary to sprinkle with soil on top and compact with your fingers or with a special tool.
  • After the yucca should be generously watered.

Features of reproduction of yucca

Today, there are many different methods for propagating this amazing plant at home. The very first is to grow from flower seeds.

It is important to understand that in order to propagate a yucca with this method, a lot of patience is needed, because it will grow big in a couple of years.

The most popular and easiest method is to propagate by tops. Just remember to dry the cut piece a little.

It is imperative to adhere to strict rules for care and reproduction. In order not to harm the mother plant and its children. By the way, yucca babies can appear already in the first years of life. And their separation quite favorably affects the development of the “mother”. There is more power left for your own growth.

pruning yucca

Yucca pruning is carried out so that the yucca grows into a lush bush. When it is cut, the branching of the shoots begins, followed by the cultivation of leaf caps on them.

Pruning yucca photo

When the trunk is strongly extended, it loses its decorative appearance. Such a yucca no longer decorates the room, but rather the opposite.

In care, it is important to understand that after pruning, the trunk will stop growing upwards, new shoots will simply appear from it. The main thing is not to cut the trunk, the diameter of which is less than 5-6 cm, and is close to the ground.

A cropped yucca trunk begins to lose moisture very quickly; in order to prevent overdrying, it should be filled with paraffin.

It is important to trim with a very sharp blade or secateurs, having previously subjected the instrument to sterilization. These measures are necessary to avoid decay. And it is necessary to cut with a lightning movement of the hand, but it is worth breaking and picking the trunk – negative consequences are possible.

After pruning, you need to put the yucca in partial shade and water it every seven days.

Yucca breeding

An excellent reason for the reproduction of yucca is the stage at which the trunk is cut. One thing can kill two birds with one stone – rejuvenate the mother plant, give it a decorative effect, and create new specimens of yucca.

Reproduction by seeds

It has already been mentioned that yucca usually does not bloom in an apartment. This means that it is extremely difficult to obtain seeds.

Propagation of yucca seeds

But it is quite possible to buy them in a specialized store. If you are lucky enough to find seeds, then it is important:

  • check seeds for germination:
  • put in water for 24 hours;
  • prepare a substrate from a mixture of sand, turf and humus;
  • cover the pot with seeds with a bag to maintain the required humidity;
  • ventilate seedlings;

You can get your first little “palms” already a month after planting, the main thing is to provide them with proper care.

Yucca cuttings

It is quite possible to propagate yucca at home using cuttings. They are cut off from the trunk with a special machined tool.

Yucca cuttings photo

In order for the stalk of yucca to take root, it must be placed horizontally on pre-moistened soil. When the roots appear, the shoot must be planted in another pot. Care and water as needed.

Reproduction by parts of the trunk

When the yucca stretches upwards, then it is possible to carry out reproduction by parts of its trunk. The top is cut off, and then the required number of parts are separated below. Do not cut the trunk into a large number of parts, so as not to harm its health and development. How to root the cut cuttings is said above.

Pests and diseases

Each grower, at least once in his practice, contacted a diseased plant that was attacked by pests. They brought a yucca, then be prepared that you will have to face it again. To combat insects, a large number of drugs have been created that can be bought in special stores. Some folk methods of pest control may also be quite effective.The biggest cause of disease is over watering.

insect pests

The most common insects that harm the plant are the false scale insect and the spider mite.

Spider mites on leaves photo

As a result of the appearance of a tick, palm leaves grow dull and fall off. As a rule, the mite is formed on the reverse side of the leaf.

But the scale insect is a lover of not only leaves, but also the tree trunk of a palm tree. Pests need to be dealt with. And the sooner this is done, the more likely it is that the yucca “gets off with a slight fright.”

Shield on foxes

An excellent method for controlling insects is rubbing the foliage with a solution of soap. But for prevention, it is still better to treat the entire plant with insecticides.

Chemical means to combat scale insects photo

Why leaves turn yellow

If the yucca leaves have begun to turn yellow, then this is not a reason to panic. Perhaps there is a natural death of the old foliage. This usually happens with leaves growing at the bottom of the trunk.

yucca leaves are turning yellow

However, if after the leaf has turned yellow, it turns brown, then there is a chance that the plant has become ill with “brown spot”. Treatment should begin immediately.

If the leaves turn yellow in the winter season, then it is possible that the reason for this was excessive watering. In winter, the yucca has a dormant period and practically does not need to be watered.

Why do the leaves dry

  • Drying leaves may be dying off;
  • lack of light;
  • dry air;
  • elevated temperature;

dry leaves in a yucca flower

Why do the leaves fall

A natural phenomenon is only the lower fall of the leaves of the yucca. If this happens with healthy and young leaves, then you need to pay attention to air humidity and watering schedule.

When the roots rot, you need to pull the plant out of the pot, cut off the rotting parts, and sprinkle the cut points with crushed coal. Let it dry a little and put it in a container. Stop watering.

Why yucca does not bloom

As mentioned above, yucca rarely blooms indoors. It is very difficult to provide her with the necessary conditions, even with all the desire. Yucca is a very capricious specimen in this regard. Everything that affects its growth and development should be as close as possible to natural wild conditions. However, if you try hard, then the plant can “give up” and please others with its flowering.

Species and varieties

At present, it is customary to distinguish between two types of “false palms”: tree-like and stemless.

Yucca appearance

The tree-like yucca is characterized by a long trunk, on which several rosettes with fluffy foliage can sprout. Often there are instances whose branching is created by trimming the top. This gives the tree-like yucca a great decorative effect.

In a stemless yucca, the rosette is the crown of the plant.

Yucca has a large number of varieties, several main ones should be distinguished

Aloe leaf. It is characterized by the absence of lateral shoots, and the leaves pointed upwards distinguish it from other ornamental plants. This variety is not suitable for living in a small room. It needs space and bright lighting. It is interesting in that it is completely indifferent to the artificial moistening of the leaves, by spraying from a spray bottle;

Aloe leaf yucca photo
Filamentous. It differs from the sharp tip and curly white threads that fall down the trunk;

Filamentous yucca photo
Elephant. The name of this variety speaks for itself. Growth elephant yucca reaches up to 10 meters. It is also excellent with low requirements for temperature and lighting, unlike the aloe-like variety;

Elephant yucca photo

Yucca is a beautiful, but quite whimsical plant to care for. However, with proper care, it will delight any grower with its unique decorative effect. If you really set out to settle in your yucca, then you should take care of providing the right conditions for it in advance. Make every effort to make the yucca feel good and comfortable, and she will love you back!

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