The gardener decides in advance what to plant next year after the beans. Plant rotation is essential for a good harvest.
Garden crops are demanding on the composition of soils and their fertility. Root systems are located in different horizons. The depth of occurrence in vegetables depends on the type of root system. Rod consumes nutrients from a depth of 30-50 cm. Fibrous – from 10-15 cm.
Plants of the same family draw the same nutrients from the soil. Pathogenic flora accumulates. The larvae that parasitize on plant roots overwinter in the soil. Planting one crop in the same place provokes the development of pests.
There are rules for the circulation of agricultural crops. They ensure a good harvest.
The principle of fruiting beans
Modern gardeners carefully use the land. Gone are the days of mindless fascination with mineral fertilizers and herbicides. People want to get organic vegetables and fruits. Some summer residents are engaged in organic farming. Without knowledge of the principle of crop turnover, it is difficult to get a good harvest.
The principle of fruit change is to prepare the ridge for the successful growth of subsequent crops. Legumes enrich the soil with nitrogen: bubbles with this substance form on their roots during the growing season.
When plant residues rot, nitrogen enters the soil. The earth becomes loose, nutritious. All plants love it. In the early stages of the growing season, the element is necessary for the formation of green mass for subsequent fruiting.
When placing crops after legumes, it is recommended to consider whether they have common diseases and pests. This is a landing restriction.
The principle of compatibility is easy to understand by studying the basics of agricultural technology of the culture itself. Knowledge of soil preparation and care of plantations will allow you to navigate the rules of crop turnover.
What do landings need?
Beans are a soil-demanding plant. For a good harvest, she needs:
- the presence of nutrients;
- adequate hydration, but not excess water;
- lack of weeds;
In response to meeting all conditions, she returns nitrogen-enriched land. The ridges are loose, harmful plants have disappeared. Digging is not required, loosening can be dispensed with. After legumes, the soil is suitable for almost all crops. The application of spring fertilizers is minimal.
What happens after beans?
Gardeners are interested in: is it possible to place beans on beans and how often. This culture is susceptible to disease. To prevent damage by rot, beans should be planted every year in a new place.
Winter garlic planted on the plot works out perfectly. But it is recommended to enrich the soil with an autumn mineral complex. Spring – gives large heads, quickly builds up green mass.
After the beans, it is allowed to plant any crops. The greatest yield is given by nightshade, melons, root crops, cabbage, bulbs. Tomatoes easily adapt to loose, nitrogen-rich soil. Cabbage spins heads 5-7 days faster. Placed gladioli and tulips delight gardeners with large flowers.
Some gardeners oversaturate the ridges with organic fertilizers to get a good harvest. Compost and humus are introduced without measure. Result: instead of the desired yield, plants become sick or accumulate nitrates.
This will not happen with the previous placement of the beans. The land is fertilized naturally. There is no excess nitrogen. The element present in the soil is in a chelated (easily absorbed by plants) form
Advantage of previous plantings of beans: the soil requires a minimum amount of organic fertilizers . The balance of bacteria is maintained. Weeds are destroyed. Improving the land by planting legumes is the basis of organic farming.
After planting legumes, the soil is saturated with nitrogen and rests. The only undesirable precursor for beans is itself. This is due to the tendency to diseases and the accumulation of pathogenic bacteria in the soil.
Cannot be planted next to beans:
- peas, beans, soybeans;
- onion garlic;
- swede, turnip;
The close proximity of parsley has a negative effect on legumes: green culture is depressing.
What to plant next?
Friendly plants help to get a bountiful harvest. Vegetables planted next to each other do not oppress each other. Crops protect neighbors from pests and diseases.
The combined planting method is used by gardeners with small plots. This allows you to save space and get the required amount of products.
Legumes grow well next to corn. The stalks of the cereal serve as a support for the leguminous plant. Soil preparation for corn involves the absence of weeds. Bean appreciates such care.
A legume planted along the edge of a cucumber ridge will give a good harvest. With this placement, it is recommended to monitor the soil moisture.
It is good to place bush beans on a cabbage field. It scares away the whites and enriches the soil. Gardeners have noticed: the taste of heads of cabbage is improving. More pods are formed.
Often, gardeners plant bean bushes in the aisles of potatoes. Such a neighborhood is beneficial for potatoes: the plant repels the Colorado potato beetle and saturates the ridges with nitrogen
In the aisles of bush beans, zealous summer residents place radishes. The plant repels cruciferous flea and improves the taste of the root crop. Not bad is a salad among legumes.
An old peasant way of compacting plantings: pumpkin, beans, corn. The triple alliance is beneficial for everyone: beans enrich the soil, pumpkin fights weeds, corn is a support for stems .
Plant nutrition is obtained from different horizons. There is no fight for moisture and light. The soil is kept moist under the gourd leaves. Loosening the ridges is not required. The taste of the crops is excellent. Result: the gardener saves energy, time and gets what he wants from nature.
In order for the planted crop to give an excellent harvest, it is recommended not only to choose a place and take care of it, but also to provide the “right” neighbors and take into account its predecessors. It is the plants that grew on this site last year that contribute to the defeat of the culture by certain diseases and parasites. What is recommended to plant next year after beans and what crops is it compatible with? This is important to know in order to get the desired result.
Bean rotation principle
Almost all garden plants show a certain exactingness to the structure of the soil, to its indicators of fertility. The roots are placed in various horizontal layers of soil. The depth of the location depends on the type of root system: the rod view feeds on the necessary components from a half-meter depth, fibrous – up to 20 cm.
Why change is needed:
- Representatives of one species take the same necessary useful components from the soil.
- There is an accumulation of a pathogenic environment: after plants affected by a certain type of disease, crops resistant to them are planted.
- Larvae located on the root system, having overwintered, provoke the spread of pests.
- One-sided depletion of the soil occurs. It is important to know what elements are taken from the ground.
To obtain the desired result, the principles of circulation of cultivated plants have been developed, without knowledge of which it is difficult to obtain a quality crop.
Crop rotation rules provide for the preparation of the land for the best growth of the following plants.
Legumes saturate the earth with nitrogen: microbubbles with this component appear on the roots during the growth period. After rotting the remains of the plant, this useful substance enters the soil. The soil acquires friability and nutritional value, which is suitable for all crops. Nitrogen is responsible for the green mass of the plant and further fruiting.
The only restriction for planting another crop after beans is the presence of similar diseases or pests and another reason. The roots of this type of legume, like other crops, are brought into the ground to mark their place and protect it with microtoxins. With constant planting in the same place after the same plant, an excessive amount of them accumulates in the ground. Toxins begin to oppress the same culture.
The cultivated plant is returned to its original place of growth after 4 years, although there are some exceptions (potatoes, strawberries, tomatoes).
There is a studied principle of compatibility, which is associated with the basics of agricultural technology of each cultivated plant. To comply with the rules of turnover, it is important to know the basics of land preparation and the principles of crop care.
Beans fill the soil with nitrogen, the beds retain a loose structure, do not require digging. The versatility of this legume lies in the fact that the soil after it is suitable for almost all crops, while requiring a minimum amount of fertilizer application, the desired balance of bacteria is ensured.
Important! The only restriction is the requirement: to plant beans next year in another place. This prevents the plant from being damaged by rot.
After the beans, any cultivated plants are allowed to be planted. The expected harvest will give melons, root crops, solanaceous, bulbous, cabbage.
Tomatoes do well in loose, nitrogen-enriched soil. In cabbage, the process of head formation is accelerated, the best taste is noted. Flowers (gladiolus, tulips) differ in the size of the flowers.
Important to consider! It is not recommended to saturate the earth with organic fertilizers after the beans, since the soil is fertilized in a natural way. Nitrogen that enters the soil in a natural way is easily absorbed. There is a natural enrichment of the land with legumes – this is the principle of organic farming.
Can you plant garlic? According to the principle of compatibility, it gives an excellent harvest. Legumes, as well as cucumber, tomatoes and cabbage are recognized as the best precursor of garlic.
But planting this type of legumes with onions and garlic next to them is not recommended, especially it is oppressed by shallots. Also, peas do not coexist well with beans.
After planting legumes, the land is enriched with nitrogen, and it rests. A non-recommended precursor for beans is the plant itself. This moment is caused by the occurrence of susceptibility to diseases and the concentration of pathogenic bacteria in the soil.
It is also not recommended to plant carrots and cucumbers after beans (after other types of legumes) – these plants are more likely to be affected by white rot
What to plant next
Compatible plants planted in the neighborhood contribute to a good harvest, they do not oppress each other, and the substances they release protect against pests:
- Corn. Legumes perfectly coexist with her, and she serves as their support.
- Cucumbers. Beans planted next to cucumbers will give the expected harvest, it is only important to pay attention to soil moisture. Repels meadow moth.
- Cabbage. It is recommended to plant bush beans next to cabbage. It saturates the soil and drives away the whites. The taste of heads of cabbage is significantly improved.
- Potato and eggplant. It is also recommended to plant this legume between rows, it repels the Colorado potato beetle and nourishes the soil with nitrogen.
- Radish. Radishes are also planted between the rows of legumes, the cruciferous flea is scared away, the fruits will be large and tasty.
- A long-known neighborhood method: beans (saturates the soil), corn (becomes a support for the stems, protects the pumpkin from overheating), pumpkin (prevents the growth of weeds, foliage retains moisture in the soil). Root feeding comes from different layers.
- Basil. The spice culture prevents bean damage by the bean weevil.
- Mustard, spinach. Legumes enrich the soil with nitrogen, which green plants need.
- Strawberry. Bush beans and strawberries coexist well.
- Biologically active substances secreted by tomatoes promote the growth of legumes, including beans.
- Sugar beet. This type of legume repels the meadow moth.
The neighborhood of parsley has a negative effect on beans.
Knowledge of the basic rules of crop rotation, plant compatibility will allow you to get the desired result with proper care.
Leave your review Cancel reply
Ask an expert
Questions answered by experienced gardeners amateurs and professionals
- Is it possible to feed cucumbers with humate during fruiting? asked (a) Lalia
- Should I bury phacelia seeds when planting? asked (a) Natalya Sergeevna
- How and when to propagate and plant wild rose hips? asked (a) Artyom Malkin
1000+ varieties of tomatoes
All the most famous tomato varieties in alphabetical order
lunar sowing calendar for 2019
300+ varieties of cucumbers
All the most famous varieties of cucumbers in alphabetical order
What kind of descriptions are idiotic, at least you decide first what varieties or hybrids you have there. In one and the same description, calling a variety a hybrid and a hybrid a variety must be done. Or do you not know the difference between them? And this pearl: “It is to these that the following types of nightshade can be attributed” is generally tin.
The bean plant belongs to the type genus of herbaceous plants of the legume family, brought to Europe from Latin America. Beans have been cultivated as a vegetable crop since time immemorial. Archaeologists found the seeds of this plant in Peru and Mexico during excavations of ancient settlements. Studies of modern and ancient scientists confirm that the legendary Aztecs grew beans.
The demand for beans in culture can be easily explained by its unique nutritional qualities. Its seeds and fruits contain minerals and vitamins, and the nutritional value of beans is not inferior to meat. It has been proven that regular consumption of this miracle vegetable helps to rejuvenate the human body. In addition, growing beans is a rewarding and not at all difficult task. However, before starting work, do not forget to determine the place of the legume in the garden crop rotation.
Beans love light, sandy, well-heated soil, so they are usually planted in beds from crops that have similar requirements for growth conditions. Before sowing seeds or planting seedlings, the soil is cleared of weeds and dug up. Poor soil is filled with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Nitrogen does not need to be added, the beans extract this element on their own. According to the basic principle of crop rotation on the site, beans are not allowed to be placed where plants of the legume family grew last season (see table 1).
Table 1 :
What to plant after
Beans, like all legumes, are in a strong symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which help it accumulate a valuable element extracted from the air in root nodules. The plant spends nitrogen for its own needs, and at the same time saturates the soil on the site with it, making it loose and nutritious. Thanks to this ability of the crop, it is allowed to plant any garden crops in the vacated bed, with the exception of legumes (see table 2).
Table 2 :
Since it is allowed to grow beans and related crops on one site with a break of 3-4 years, representatives of other families should participate in the crop rotation (see Table 3).
Table 3 :
Strawberries (garden strawberries) fit very well into the legume crop rotation, which is not recommended to be grown in one place for longer than 3-4 years. After this time, the bushes rejuvenate and transfer the berry to another area (see table 4).
With the choice of a neighbor for beans, there will also be no difficulties. The bean beauty is “friends” with many garden plants:
- Beans repel meadow moth, cruciferous flea and white butterflies, so cucumbers, celery, radishes, sugar beets and cabbage feel comfortable next to them. By the way, the taste of the latter from such a neighborhood improves significantly.
- Classic combination: corn + beans. The strong stems of the “queen of the fields” serve as a support for the climbing shoots of the neighbor, and the lush green beans protect the soil from overheating.
- Beans in the aisles of potatoes, eggplants and tomatoes protect plantings from the Colorado potato beetle and provide neighbors with high-quality soil nitrogen.
- Near the beans, strawberries confidently develop and bear fruit well.
- For the beans themselves, it is useful to grow with basil (repels the bean weevil) and thyme (protects against black aphids).
As for the undesirable neighborhood, beans are not recommended to be grown next to parsley, peas, fennel, onions and garlic.