speckled yellow apples

We present to your attention the most common varieties of summer, autumn and winter apples in Russia with photos and descriptions. Learn all about these amazing, delicious and varied fruits.

The apple tree is perhaps the most common fruit tree in our gardens. It has been cultivated since time immemorial. And it is he who wants to be planted in the first place on his site by almost all novice gardeners. Varieties of apples today are amazing. There are really a lot of them: both ancient, long-known, and new ones, bred or brought to our country quite recently.

Varieties of apple trees photo with name and description

How to choose exactly the apple tree that will be rich in harvest, unpretentious, resistant to diseases and whose fruits will be to the taste of the gardener and his family members? Below are the varieties of apple trees for central Russia, photos, their features, advantages and disadvantages. This will help you make a choice.

So, the first thing to say is that trees are:

  • summer – ripen early, from about July. Their fruits are not soft, they need to be eaten or processed within 2-3 weeks.
  • autumn – suggest harvesting in early autumn. They are stored, as a rule, until the middle of winter;
  • winter or late – fully ripen in late autumn. They are the lightest, stored literally until the beginning of summer.

It is interesting that winter and autumn types of apples ripen during further storage.

Summer varieties of apple trees photo with name and description, care

Summer fruits are varied. Among them you can find a variety of taste qualities with structural characteristics.

White filling

Widely known and very popular variety. You can enjoy this at the beginning of July. The height of an adult tree is 3–5 m, the fruits are round, greenish in color, becoming almost white at the stage of full ripeness. The pulp is fragrant, somewhat loose and coarse-grained. Moderately sour. It is very important to harvest the crop without overripe, because in this case it loses quality. Picked fruits spoil rather quickly, so you need to use them without delay. The white filling is winter-hardy, the seedling begins to bear fruit in the 5th year.

Varieties of apples white filling


An apple variety of Canadian origin, ripens in late summer. They are of medium, often large size, rounded elongated. Their color is yellowish, half decorated with an elegant red striped blush. The pulp of Melba is snow-white. Incredibly good, sweet and sour, with a noticeable candy smell. It bears fruit at 4 years old. Regarding winter hardiness.

Melba. Apple varieties with photo


Also came to us from Canada. Its fruits are round-oblong, brightly colored, with red specks on the main greenish background. They are quite large, pleasant, almost without acid, dense, juicy, slightly creamy. Mantet is stored for a short time, only 2-3 weeks. It enters fruiting quite early, already at 4–5 autumn. It is resistant to major diseases, but it does not tolerate very severe frosts.

Mantent. Apple varieties with photo

Grushovka Moscow

An ancient, but often found in our time, variety. It ripens in August, it will have to be consumed and used in 2-4 weeks. The fruits are medium, small, round, somewhat flattened. Their main color is pale green, covered with a pink blush of spots, stripes. Pear pulp is loose and tender, juicy, more sour and with a pleasant smell. The tree is tall, plentiful, begins to give a rich harvest quickly. The winter hardiness of Grushovka will not bring any worries even in the coldest year.

Mantent. Varieties of apple trees photo with name and description


A variety of sweet apples, as its name speaks eloquently. In addition, it is beautiful, yellow, with a reddish and even brown blush. Round in shape, white inside, juicy and tender. They ripen by mid-August. Shelf life is limited to 2-3 weeks. They don’t transport well. Trees of the Candy variety will allow you to enjoy the fruits as early as 4-5 years old, they are unpretentious in care, resistant to diseases, winter-hardy.

Candy. Varieties of apple trees photo with name and description

Autumn varieties of apples photo with a description, care

Autumn fruits are best suited for conservation.


Canadian variety, fruits are medium, yellow-green, with a cover of almost purple stripes on a red background. The middle is white, often with characteristic reddish streaks, pleasantly spicy. An excellent commercial variety. A vigorous and spreading tree. Cleaning – from September, you can eat it until the middle of winter. The disadvantage is low frost resistance and susceptibility to disease.

Varieties of apple trees Macintosh


Variety of folk selection, originally from the Baltic countries. These are large, yellow-green fruits covered with orange-brown stripes. Inside they are pale yellowish, juicy. Somewhat reminiscent of raspberries, the same sweet and sour. You can collect from the beginning of autumn, store in a cool place until about December. Shtreifling is winter-hardy, but bears fruit only from 8–9 autumn.

Varieties of apple trees Shtreifling

Glory to the winners

Hybrid of Macintosh and White filling. Ripens at the beginning of autumn, keeping quality – until the middle of winter. Quite large, oblong, has a green color, with a spectacular red blush. A characteristic feature of the variety is noticeable dots on the skin. The pulp of Glory to the winners is creamy, it smells amazing. They are transportable. The apple tree of this variety is vigorous, sprawling over time. Under especially favorable conditions, it can bear fruit literally on 2, but usually on 4–5 autumn. The variety is productive, resistant to frost, but minus – does not tolerate drought.

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Varieties of apples glory to the winners

cinnamon striped

A well-known, even ancient, variety, ripens mainly in September. Greenish-yellow in color, with a cover of clear stripes on a reddish background. Its flesh is yellowish, sometimes with red streaks, tender, dessert, with clearly perceptible notes of cinnamon. Fruit of this variety is guaranteed to lie until January. It begins to give birth from 8–9 autumn, its yield is moderate. The winter hardiness of Cinnamon striped is perhaps the best of other varieties of apple trees growing in the middle lane.

Varieties of apples cinnamon striped


The variety is widespread. The fruits are red-striped. In the context – creamy, delicate, coarse-grained. It is moderately sour. It ripens in late August – early September, lies well until December. The seedling will give the first harvest in 5 years. Fruits abundantly, almost every year. Resistant to tree diseases, but this apple tree is afraid of severe frosts.

Apple variety Zhigulevskoe

Winter varieties of apple trees with a description, care

Winter apples are distinguished by a strong structure, therefore they are well preserved.


An old, beloved winter variety of apples. Its apples have a beautiful, yellowish-golden color and a unique, recognizable aroma. The inside of such an apple is snow-white, crispy, with a slight sourness. The tree is strong, harmonious, with dense foliage. It enters fruiting only at 7 years. Even the youngest Antonovka seedlings are not afraid of Morozov. In general, the variety is unpretentious, resistant to diseases.

Apple trees of the Antonovka variety


The variety is popular and has a lot of advantages. Released in the USA. Its fruits are of medium and large size, colored yellow-green, covered with a dark red blush, sometimes “rusty” with a net. Their pulp is strong, crispy, creamy, juicy, dessert. The yield of apple trees of the Jonathan variety, starting from the 5th year, is very high, with good soil and proper care. They ripen in October and are successfully stored until April. Susceptibility to diseases and winter hardiness are average.

Varieties of apples photo with a description of Jonathan

Pepin saffron

Variety of winter apples of domestic selection. It has round fruits, yellowish-green in color, with a magnificent red blush and a dense creamy middle. Their taste is excellent, grape-sweet, interestingly spicy, with an unsurpassed aroma. They ripen in October and lie perfectly until March and April without loss of quality. The tree bears fruit abundantly from 5–7 years old, but requires regular pruning. In too cold winters, it tends to freeze slightly, but, however, then it recovers well.

Apple varieties with a photo – Pepin saffron

Golden Delicious

Ready to be harvested in September and keeps well until March. The fruits are medium and often large, round, slightly elongated-conical. When ripe, they have a yellow-golden skin color. Inside they are dense and incredibly juicy, creamy. After lying down, they become much softer. The taste of Golden Delicious is sweet and pleasant. This variety is of American origin. Regular fruiting of this apple tree comes from the age of 7. Its frost resistance is good, but it is difficult to tolerate drought.

Winter varieties of apple trees – Golden Delicious


This winter apple variety is also bred in the USA. The fruits are medium in size, rounded, strongly flattened, yellow-gold in color with a cover in the form of red stripes. Inside, they are white, sour, having a delicate, pleasant aroma. Interestingly, their taste can change every year. Welsey apple trees ripen in early autumn, lie until February in a specially equipped storage facility. Seedlings begin to produce crops from 4-5 years. They are quite plentiful. Winter hardiness is normal, they resist diseases well.

Apple varieties with photo – Wellsey

Sinap orlovsky

Sings in September, perfectly preserved until May. The fruits are quite large, oblong, golden, with a delicate and thin blush, sour. Trees bear fruit from autumn 4-5, regularly, one might say almost annually.

Varieties of apples photo with a description of Sinal Orlovsky

Dwarf apple varieties, photo

Dwarf apple trees grow where the area allocated for the garden is small. A dwarf apple tree is obtained by grafting the required variety onto a special stock. The tree grows only 2-4 m high, compact. You can expect fruits for 3-4 years. At the same time, it is very convenient to collect them, thanks to short stature.

Dwarf apple varieties photo

The presented varieties of apple trees with photos are very popular due to their qualities. When laying and planning a garden, it is worth making your choice in favor of several types. Planted together summer, autumn and winter varieties of apple trees for central Russia will provide you with the opportunity to enjoy these fruits almost all year round, from July to May. The above varieties of apples with descriptions and photos will help you plan the planting of a beautiful, productive garden.

Red varieties of apples are like kings in an apple orchard. Very bright, beautiful, with excellent commercial qualities, they are for this reason mostly grown by gardeners all over the world. It is really easy to make money on them, especially since apples are considered a very healthy fruit. The article will describe the best varieties of red apples by ripening time, as well as some unusual types with red flesh.

Early varieties of red apples

Early, they are summer red varieties of apples are usually eaten fresh immediately. They are not folded for long-term storage, as their keeping quality is low. But they are often used for processing, winter preservation, and sale.

“Vista Bella” is an early-summer variety of red apples. The tree is tall, with a large crown. Fruits of 150-200 g, rounded, flattened on top. The peel is dense, red in a light point. There may be small yellow-green spots, but this is rare. The flesh is white, the taste is sweet and sour. There is an average resistance to frost.

Early varieties of red apples

Mid-ripening red varieties of apples

Mid-ripening red varieties of apples are not stored for a long time – 1-3 months. At the same time, they can be closed for the winter, frozen, but more often they are eaten raw or baked – they are very tasty and delicate in texture.

Mackintosh , also known as Macintosh, is one of the most popular varieties in Canada and the United States. In Europe, it is often called “Khoroshovka autumn” or “autumn excellent.” Named after its creator, John McIntosh. Ripens from late August to early September. Fruits are on average 140-160 g. The skin is almost completely red, but there are yellow-green spots. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour, white. The aroma is strong, apple. Transportability is good, as is frost resistance. May be susceptible to disease.

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Mid-ripening red varieties of apples

Winter red varieties of apples

Winter red varieties of apples are very popular and are grown primarily for sale. They have excellent commercial qualities, as for transportability, this quality may differ. But even if transportation is possible only over short distances, the goods can be sold without problems at the nearest market – red apples are snatched up very quickly.

Winter red varieties of apples

  • “Spartan” is a medium-sized tree with a rounded, medium-density crown. The fruits are medium in size – 150 g, rounded, flattened on top. The peel is thick, dense, red (even more burgundy), there is a purple coating. The pulp is white, juicy and crispy. Suitable for fresh consumption. Transportability is good – the fruits are stored until April. Productivity reaches 100 kg/tree.
  • Gloucester York is a dessert variety of red apples originally from Germany, ripening towards the end of September. Gives large, up to 200 g fruits with a red skin. The shape is conical, elongated, with pronounced ribs. The taste is excellent – sweet, with a slight sourness – suitable for both children and adults. The tree is tall, fructifies by the 5th year. Productivity – 70 kg / tree. Of the shortcomings, low resistance to disease is noted. Needs pollinators (“Jonathan”, “Gala”). Good winter hardiness is noted, it is transportable.
  • “Florina” bears fruit from 3 years after planting. A medium sized tree with a dense crown. Productivity at the age of 10 is 60 kg/tree. Fruits gives 110-145 g. The shape is cylindrical, with ribs. The color is almost completely red, but this is only a blush – the main color is light yellow, manifested in the form of rare light dots. There is a raid. The pulp is yellowish, crispy, sweet – it is used only fresh. It is stored until the beginning of spring, and in good conditions until May.
  • “Red Delicious” – a red variety of apples, which has very beautiful, dark red apples with snow-white crispy flesh. The tree is of medium height, the crown is back pyramidal. Yields can reach 150 kg/tree with good care. The fruits are ribbed, which is especially visible in the lower, narrowed part, an average of 150 g. The peel is glossy if the fruits are young. It is used fresh, it is not recommended to bake and use for heat treatment.

Winter red varieties of apples 1

What varieties of apples have red flesh?

Not only the peel of an apple, but its flesh can be red in color. Such red varieties of apples are still rare, but already known all over the world. Growing them is not difficult. For the most part, they are not afraid of frost, and due to the fact that their buds bloom late, as well as flowers, late spring frosts are not terrible for them. They bear fruit from 2-3 years and give very tasty, interesting fruits.

Varieties of apples with red flesh

  • “Baia Marisa” gives red fruits of 170-190 g with white dots all over the peel. Apples have red, dense pulp, very juicy. This is a winter variety, apples can lie until January. Frost resistance is very high, but the variety is powerless before diseases – regular spraying is needed.
  • Pink Pearl is an interesting red apple variety with a pinkish skin and red flesh. The pulp is dense, fragrant, sweet, there is a slight astringency. Fruits weigh 180-200 g each, can lie for 4 months without any signs of spoilage and decay. They need spraying from diseases.
  • “Redlove” (Redlove) – an interesting variety of apples weighing up to 200 g, obtained by crossing different types. And although it is already very popular and even distributed throughout the world, breeders still hide the secret of its creation. The main feature of “Redlove” is that the pulp of the fruit has a red color, and the taste is very delicate and sweet. There are four varietal varieties: “Siren”, “Calypso”, “Circe” and “Era”. The first two are summer, ripen in early August and are stored for no more than a month. “Circe” is an autumn subspecies that ripens in early September and is also stored for one month. “Era” is a winter subspecies, it can be collected at the end of September, and it is stored until the end of December.
  • “Winerpo” – a red variety of apples, having fruits of 120-150 g, saturated red with purple stripes. The pulp is pink, juicy, melts in the mouth. It has excellent immunity from diseases. The fruits ripen by the end of September, and are stored until February.

VIDEO – Winter varieties of apple trees, a brief description, fruiting

Adding an article to a new collection

Early varieties of apple trees are found in almost any garden. They are eagerly awaited for their ripening, because you can enjoy the new harvest even before the Apple Spas – in July-August.

Summer varieties of apples are rich in variety, have different colors, shapes, aromas and tastes. Basically, these apples are consumed fresh, sometimes they are used to make juices, preserves and jams. Most often, summer varieties are chosen by amateur gardeners, since they are not suitable for long-term storage and transportation. It is impossible to describe all the early varieties of apple trees , so we have chosen the ten most popular.

Arkad yellow and Arkad pink

Arkad yellow summer is one of the oldest varieties obtained by crossing winter-hardy varieties. The fruits have a sweet taste, but they are not stored for a long time. The tree has an elongated crown, with sparse, long branches. Arcade yellow has cylindrical fruits with a yellowish tinge, Arcade pink has a reddish blush. Both varieties are characterized by low yield, as well as poor resistance to scab.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

Throughout August

Moscow Grushovka (Skorospelka, Spasovka, Petrushka )

One of the oldest (known since the 18th century) and winter-hardy varieties (withstands frosts down to -45-50°C). The crown of trees is usually pyramidal, becoming spherical with age. Fruits are small and medium, spherical flattened shape. The color of the fruit varies from light green to lemon, pale white. As they mature, they become covered with a red blush and pink stripes. The pulp is juicy, loose, slightly yellowish, has a subtle, warm apple smell. A distinctive feature of the variety: at the bottom of the saucer there are five outgrowths, according to the number of carpels. The variety is productive and early-growing, but unstable to hot weather – it can drop fruits.

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Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvesting Shelf life (days) For 4-5 years 5-6 70-90 End of July – first decade of August 10-15


One of the latest varieties with increased winter hardiness. Particularly resistant to apple scab and powdery mildew. During the ripening period, the fruits are covered with a bright pinkish-red blush, which is blurred over almost the entire surface. The pulp is cream-colored, dense, juicy, with a pronounced sweet and sour taste. Apples are stored for a long time, especially in the refrigerator or cellar and are highly transportable. However, they are mostly consumed fresh.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

Second half of July


This summer variety is about 30 years old, it was bred in Canada specifically for regions with low average annual temperatures. The fruits ripen very early, have a pleasant sweet and sour taste and a persistent aroma. They are small with a smooth surface. The variety is resistant to heat and drought, as well as powdery mildew. However, it does not tolerate severe frosts and is prone to scab. The tree is tall, with a spreading crown.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

Mid July to early August

Chinese gold early

An early ripe frost-resistant variety obtained from crossing Bely filling with Kitayka . The geography of the variety is quite wide and covers not only the middle zone, but also the regions of Siberia and the Far North. It is distinguished by increased frost resistance and precocity, pleasant taste and early fruit ripening. Apples are small, amber-yellow in color, poorly resistant to scab and do not store for a long time.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

End of July – first decade of August

Summer striped

The red blush in the fruits of this variety has a striped color, which distinguishes it from other varieties. The rest of the color of the fruit is greenish-white. Apples are consumed fresh and processed – compotes and jams are prepared from them. Its taste is a godsend for apple connoisseurs. It combines a delicious and fragrant flavor with juicy and tender flesh. In general, the variety is unpretentious, frost-resistant and slightly affected by scab. It can be grown in almost any conditions, getting a rich harvest. If the fruits are not harvested in a timely manner, they begin to crumble, but they cannot be stored raw for a long time. About 20% of the obtained apples are of the highest grade, and another 35-40% are of the first grade.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

End of July – beginning of August


A variety obtained by Canadian breeders from seedlings of Moscow Grushovka from free pollination. It has a pleasant taste and early ripening. The main color of the fruits is greenish-yellow, later they acquire a bright red speckled blush on an orange-red background. The pulp is tender, white. In years of abundant harvest, the size of the fruit decreases, and the number increases. In rainy years, leaves and fruits can be affected by scab, and in severe winters, trees can freeze severely.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

End of July – end of August

Melba (Melba)

The variety belongs to the group of late summer, it is characterized by unpretentiousness and high yield. The fruits are quite large and, which is not typical for summer varieties, can be stored in the refrigerator until the onset of winter. In addition, the fruits of this variety can be used to make jams and compotes. When ripe, the skin of apples is yellowish with red stripes that cover almost half of their surface. The pulp is sweet, juicy and tender, with a pleasant sourness.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

Second half of AugustUp to 120

Papirovka (Alabaster, White filling, Baltic)

One of the most popular varieties, bred in the Baltic countries, but has long been successfully grown in the middle lane. It is often used as a source for the creation of many new varieties of apple trees. The fruits are round-conical, slightly flattened, of medium size. The color of the fruit is light green, does not change during the ripening period. The pulp is loose, juicy, tender, with a pleasant sweet and sour taste. The variety is winter-hardy, but unsuitable for transportation.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

When planting biennials – for 4-5 years

August 5-10 and August 20-25

Stark Earliest (Superprekos)

A variety of American origin. The fruits are usually heterogeneous in shape – from medium to medium in size. With age, they become smaller, and their number increases. At the same time, commodity and consumer qualities remain at a high level. The tree tolerates the most severe frosts and at the same time has a neat crown. The variety is resistant to scab, and its only drawback is that the fruits ripen gradually, and not all at once.

Beginning fruiting Tree height (m) Fruit weight (g) Harvest Shelf life (days)

In several stages: from the second decade of July to mid-August

A distinctive feature of summer varieties of apples is the early period of entry into fruiting and fruit ripening. As a rule, they can only be consumed fresh, they are not stored for a long time and are at best suitable for making compotes and jams.

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