Sage is a popular folk remedy for the treatment of many diseases. Its beneficial properties have been known since ancient times and are used even in modern medicine. Sage is great for a child’s cough, so there is no need to use medications.
The main properties of sage
Description and properties of the drug
Sage is a medicinal essential oil plant. Leaves and inflorescences contain about 3% essential oils, acetic and formic acids, aromatic resins, flavonoids, vitamins PP and P, and tannins.
The plant has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial action. Sage has a diuretic and hemostatic effect. In addition, it has a tonic and disinfectant effect.
It contains camphor, which has a beneficial effect on the respiratory system. It is included in many cough medicines due to its expectorant properties. The medicinal plant is used for sore throat, bronchitis and other infectious diseases.
Sage officinalis helps fight colds, diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract.
Tinctures and decoctions based on sage are used for inflammatory and skin diseases. Sage leaves are used to treat gastritis and colitis. As an astringent, the plant helps to get rid of diarrhea. Thanks to salvin (contained in sage leaves), the plant has antiseptic properties. It is used to treat gynecological diseases. Sage improves thought processes and memory. The plant can be used by both children and adults.
Recipes for children based on sage
Cough sage – recipes and application features
The simplest remedy for a sore throat and cough is a decoction or infusion of sage. Healing substances contained in the leaves of the plant, well remove sputum from the bronchi and lungs. Infusions can be used both for rinsing and for oral administration. When coughing, it is useful to gargle, do inhalations.
There are many recipes for coughs for children using sage. We list the most common and popular:
- Infusion of sage officinalis. 200 ml of hot water pour a tablespoon of sage herb. Then close the lid and leave for 20 minutes. Then strain and gargle with the prepared infusion when coughing. Doctors recommend adding 3/4 of a teaspoon of boric alcohol to the infusion to enhance the effect.
- Infusion for gargling. No less effective is a healing remedy using anise seeds and pine buds, as well as sage. All herbs are taken in equal amounts in a tablespoon. It is necessary to mix all the ingredients and pour a liter of boiling water. Leave the infusion for 30-40 minutes. After the specified period, strain and mix in a ratio of 1: 1 with warm boiled water. Infusion is recommended to gargle at least 3 times a day. Store no more than 3 days in the refrigerator.
- Decoction of sage with milk. In order to prepare a healing drink, you need to take a tablespoon of the plant, pour a glass of boiling water and leave to brew for 25-30 minutes. At this time, boil the milk. Then strain the broth and add milk. You can add a little sugar or a teaspoon of honey to improve the taste. Take it warm.
- Infusion of sage with butter. Of the ingredients you will need: sage leaves, 200 ml of milk, a teaspoon of honey and butter. If you are allergic to honey, then add sugar. Pour dry sage leaves with milk and bring to a boil. Then let it cool down and put it on fire again. Then add oil, stir and leave to brew. Before use, put a small spoonful of honey or sugar.
- Based on sage, it is useful to do inhalations. Grind sage leaves (3 tablespoons) and pour boiling water (0.5 liters). Next, lower your head with a container and cover with a towel. The vapors should be inhaled for at least 10-15 minutes.
When choosing one of the recipes for the treatment of cough based on sage, it must be remembered that this plant has contraindications and side effects.
Contraindications and side effects
Sage – restrictions on use and possible adverse reactions
Sage should not be used during breastfeeding, as the plant affects milk production. Decoctions and infusions should not be used for treatment during pregnancy.
Plants are not used for individual intolerance, severe and persistent cough, acute nephritis and epilepsy. Children under 5 years of age should not use sage for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. It is not recommended to use sage for kidney disease and low blood pressure. Also, the plant is undesirable for people with reduced thyroid function.
Side effects when using infusions and decoctions of sage rarely develop.
Mostly individual hypersensitivity reactions occur. With prolonged use of medicinal infusions based on sage, poisoning can occur. Before using a medicinal plant, you should consult a doctor.
The plant is part of many medicines. Available in the form of tablets, lozenges, spray, syrup and solution.
For respiratory diseases use:
- Broncholin-sage. It has a bronchodilator and antitussive effect. It is used to treat various respiratory diseases: tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonia. The drug is taken orally for children over 3 years old – 5 ml 3 times a day, for children over 10 years old, 10 ml, and for adults – 15 ml.
- Bronchosip. Natural syrup, which, in addition to sage, includes licorice, mint, plantain, thyme, coltsfoot. Take a tablespoon 1 time per day or a teaspoon 2 times a day. Used as a dietary supplement.
- Larinal. The composition of the spray includes plant extracts. The drug has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. Used to treat infectious and inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Not intended for children under 18 years of age, pregnant and lactating.
It is forbidden to use drugs without a doctor’s prescription, since adverse reactions and complications may occur against the background of improper administration. Treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a physician.
More information about the beneficial properties of sage can be found in the video.
If the child has an inflamed oral mucosa or a sore throat, the doctor may prescribe an antiseptic based on sage. Such a plant is in demand in the practice of ENT doctors and dentists, has a lot of useful properties and a wide range of uses.
Sage leaves contain many valuable compounds, including flavonoids, phytoncides, vitamin P, ursolic acid, gum, essential oils, bitterness, and so on.
Thanks to such substances, this plant is capable of:
- thicken the epithelium, reduce the permeability of membranes in cells and vessel walls, which causes an anti-inflammatory effect;
- act on pathogenic bacteria (including Staphylococcus aureus), as well as inhibit some viruses and pathogenic fungi;
- have an astringent effect;
- relieve cough due to expectorant action.
In the pharmacy, you can find products in which sage is the only component. Usually these are crushed leaves of a plant, to which stems, flowers and petioles are added in a small amount. Such raw materials have a green color with a gray or brown tint, as well as interspersed with yellow, white, brown and other colors. It has a fragrant smell, and the cooked infusion has a slightly astringent, spicy-bitter aftertaste.
Dry crushed sage is sold in a pack of 30, 35, 50, 75, 100 or 300 grams. Some manufacturers pack it in special filter bags of 1.5 grams of dried plant each. Such packages are sold in 10, 20 or 24 pieces in one box.
Another option for sage-based preparations are Sage tablets from the Valeant company. The composition of such an antiseptic contains a dry extract and an oil isolated from sage, and sorbitol, honey flavor, malic acid, dyes, aspartame and other compounds act as auxiliary substances. The drug has a round shape and a green-bluish tint. It is packaged in blisters of 10 pieces, and one package includes 10-50 tablets.
The same manufacturer offers “Sage” in the form of lozenges . They contain the same active ingredients in the same doses, but additionally contain eucalyptus oil, menthol, glucose syrup, citric acid, sugar, anise flavor and water. The lozenges themselves are round, yellow-greenish in color, sold in packs of 2, 6, 10, 12 or more pieces. Such lozenges are not a medicine, but are dietary supplements.
In addition, there are products in which sage is only one of the active ingredients.
- “Breast Collection #3” . The expectorant effect of such a herbal preparation is due to crushed plants, including marshmallow, anise, licorice, sage and pine buds. An infusion from such a collection is allowed from the age of 12.
- “Broncholine Sage” . Such a syrup, in addition to sage oil, also contains ephedrine and glaucine, so it has an antitussive effect and is able to expand the bronchi. Children are prescribed this drug from the age of 3 years.
- “Carmolis” . The composition of such drops, phytogel and lotion contains sage oil, to which other oils are added, for example, pine, lavender, anise, rosemary and eucalyptus. Drops in childhood are not used, and the skin is treated with lotion for pain in muscles, joints, injuries and neuralgia from the age of 12. But phytogel is used even in infants to lubricate the gums when milk teeth erupt.
- “Dentist” . Such a solution, in demand in dentistry, includes extracts from oak bark, chamomile, arnica, calamus, sage, mint and thyme. In childhood, it is used from 6 years.
- “Salvia Bronchoactive” . These tablets include extracts from sage, psyllium and marshmallow, as well as vitamin C, chlorophyll and menthol. They are given to children only on prescription.
- “Elekasol” . Such a herbal remedy is made from licorice, sage, string, chamomile, marigold and eucalyptus. The infusion prepared from it is given to drink, used for inhalation, lotions or rinses from the age of 12.
When are they assigned?
Sage is especially in demand for inflammation in the oral cavity, for example, if a small patient has stomatitis or gums become inflamed. Such a plant effectively copes with tonsillitis, laryngitis and other throat diseases.
In the form of rinses, its water infusion is allowed for children over 12 years old. Sage lozenges are prescribed from the age of 5, and lozenges are used only from the age of 14.
Sometimes doctors prescribe an infusion of sage for external use, for example, to wash the eyes with conjunctivitis or to make applications on long-term non-healing wounds.
Preparations with sage can harm people with hypersensitivity to such a plant, therefore, if they are prone to allergies, they should be used very carefully. If there is a risk of a negative reaction, it is better to take a test and, in the absence of allergic symptoms, continue to use sage as recommended by the doctor.
Other side effects, except for allergies, are usually not noted in sage. However, at too high a dose (for example, if you brew more of the dried plant than recommended by the recipe), tachycardia, vomiting, or tinnitus may occur. When buying Sage tablets, you must also remember about such contraindications for this sweet drug as fructose intolerance and phenylketonuria.
Instructions for use
If crushed sage leaves are used, then an infusion is prepared from them. To do this, take a tablespoon of raw materials and pour 200 ml of water. The mixture is placed in a water bath and kept there for 15 minutes, after which the vessel is removed from the heat. After cooling the solution to room temperature, it is filtered, squeezing the sage, and then boiled water is added to make 200 ml.
When using sage in bags, you need to take 3-4 bags and pour 100 ml of boiling water, then infuse the liquid for about 15 minutes, squeeze the bags and add boiled chilled water so that the volume of the infusion is 100 ml.
An infusion prepared from crushed sage is used in various ways:
- wash the skin and make lotions;
- used for gargling;
- added to the bath, including for bathing newborns;
- make inhalations (not in a nebulizer, but steam);
- combined with milk and honey and given to drink.
The most popular rinses, which are carried out with warm infusion 3-5 times a day. For one procedure, half a glass of the product is used, and such treatment lasts up to one week.
If not a freshly prepared preparation is used for rinsing, but a previously brewed one, then the liquid must be shaken.
“Sage” tablets are placed in the mouth and held without biting or chewing until the drug is completely absorbed . A child of 5-10 years old is given the remedy every 4 hours, but not more than three tablets per day, at 10-15 years of age – at intervals of 3 hours, but a maximum of 4 tablets. For adolescents over 15 years of age, it is recommended to use every two hours, but not more than 6 pieces per day. Usually such a drug is prescribed for 5-7 days.
“Sage” in pastilles is used from 3 to 6 pieces per day, slowly dissolving in the mouth . The duration of use of such a dietary supplement is 2-3 weeks.
Purchase and storage
You can buy dry sage leaves or preparations from Valeant without a prescription. On average, for 20 filter bags you need to pay 70-100 rubles, for 20 tablets – about 170 rubles, and for 12 lozenges – about 140-180 rubles.
Dried sage in a box or in bags is good for up to 2 years from the date of manufacture. It is advised to keep it at home away from moisture at a temperature not higher than +25 degrees. The solution prepared from such raw materials can be stored in a cool place for up to 2 days. The shelf life of lozenges and lozenges is 3 years.
In most reviews of sage leaves, such a remedy is called effective and inexpensive. The advantages of the infusion include ease of use, pleasant taste and smell, and among the minuses they mention a weak effect with severe coughing and pain, as well as a long-term intake.
For more information about the beneficial properties of sage, see the following vide
Reading time for this article: 8 min.
Salvia officinalis (Salvia officinalis L.), also known as medicinal sage, is a perennial shrub from 30 to 70 cm tall, native to the Caucasus and Russia. For the treatment of various ailments, sage was used in ancient Greece and Rome, in the Middle Ages it was also considered a universal remedy. Hippocrates called it “sacred grass”, the most useful of plants. Already in his time, doctors knew that sage could save a woman from infertility.
properties of sage
The composition of sage includes tannins and flavonoids, which have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. Sage also has hemostatic, volatile and antispasmodic properties, stimulates the secretory activity of the digestive system.
Sage can be used for the following diseases:
- inflammation of the upper respiratory tract;
- elevated body temperature (more than 37 degrees);
- stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer with low secretory activity of the gastrointestinal tract and acidity of gastric juice;
- tendencies to spasms of the intestines and stomach;
- with excessive sweating during menopause.
A tincture of the flowers of the plant is taken in old age to increase life expectancy and stimulate the nervous system. Sage is also used in the manufacture of cosmetics.
Topical use of sage preparations should be discontinued if they cause an allergic reaction. It is a small rash on the skin.
You can not take infusions and teas with sage during a strong incessant cough and pregnancy.
It is very dangerous to take sage preparations inside if there are estrogen-dependent neoplasms in the pelvic organs. Their feeding with estrogen will stimulate the development of a tumor, including a malignant one. Among these diseases, the most dangerous are mastopathy, endometriosis and endometrial hyperplasia.
Sage is used with caution in acute inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, hypotension and weakened thyroid function. It is not recommended to use sage for people who have epilepsy. Substances included in its composition can provoke a seizure.
Contraindications to the use of sage tablets are, in addition to all previously listed, fructose intolerance and phenylketonuria. It is undesirable to take alcohol during the treatment with sage.
- increase in body temperature;
- with hypertension – sudden changes in blood pressure;
- noise in ears;
- nausea, vomiting;
- pain in the stomach.
Sage can cause drowsiness, so it’s best not to drive while taking it. The maximum duration of treatment with sage is 3 months.
It is necessary to coordinate with the doctor the intake of sage preparations together with such medicines as:
- drugs to reduce pressure;
- warfarin, heparin, clopidogrel;
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, acetylsalicylic acid, etc.);
- antidiabetic drugs;
Application of sage
Dried sage infusion is used as follows:
- for washing the skin and eyes;
- make lotions;
- used for rinsing the mouth and throat;
- added to the bath, especially for bathing babies;
- make steam inhalations;
- added to milk with honey.
Sage is part of the herbal mixtures “Elekasol” and “Breast collection No3”. Pharmacies sell not only dried sage, but also its other forms:
- lozenges for sucking
- tablets for drinking water.
To prepare an infusion for lotions, rinses and inhalations, you need to pour 2 tablespoons of sage leaves with boiling water, then leave for 15 minutes in a water bath and leave to cool at room temperature. After 45 minutes, squeeze the raw material and bring the volume to the original boiled water. If not freshly brewed infusion is used for rinsing, but previously prepared, then it must be shaken before the procedure.
An infusion of sage herbs for oral administration is prepared as follows: 1 tablespoon of herbs is poured with a glass of boiling water, insisted for 20 minutes and filtered. The raw material is pressed.
Treatment of children with sage
If we talk about whether sage is possible for children, then it all depends on age. For example, treatment with sage preparations for children under 5 years of age is not recommended. But children from 5 to 12 years old can already drink sage, including tablets, but only on the advice of a doctor.
Children from 12 years old can gargle with sage infusion 3-5 times a day. For one procedure, half a glass of funds is required. The duration of treatment is up to 7 days.
Children from 14 years old can be given lozenges with sage.
Thus, to the question of whether children can drink sage, the answer will be: before reaching the age of 5 – it is impossible, after – in agreement with the pediatrician.
Sage and breastfeeding
Young mothers sometimes ask doctors if it is possible to drink sage and breastfeed their baby. Sage has no effect on the baby itself during breastfeeding. But at the same time, its essential oil inhibits lactation, as it reduces the production of prolactin. Therefore, while breastfeeding, sage (in the form of tablets or infusion) can be taken in the following cases:
- With hyperlactation, that is, excessive milk production.
Wet clothes, the constant need to express milk and the feeling of fullness of the breast cause a lot of discomfort and irritation to the woman. In such a situation, sage tablets are prescribed. This is an easy and safe way to optimize milk production. When the mother no longer experiences discomfort, the sage intake is stopped. As a rule, more than one course is not required.
- With the planned cessation of breastfeeding.
Some mothers stop breastfeeding in a year, others breastfeed until one and a half or up to two years. The desire to stop lactation is another indication for taking sage. With regular use of the infusion of this herb, the production of breast milk weakens and gradually stops altogether.
The advantage of this herbal preparation over hormonal agents is that feeding can be completed smoothly. This allows weaning to be as gentle as possible for both mother and baby.
To suppress lactation, sage infusion is taken as follows. First you need to express milk, but not completely, just to relieve the feeling of fullness. Then put 2 bags or 1 tbsp. herbs in a glass and pour boiling water. The infusion should be drunk cold.
Up to 500 ml of infusion can be consumed per day. You need to drink it in parts, 4 times a day, 15 minutes before meals. Usually, one or two weeks of intake is enough to complete lactation.
The use of sage in cosmetology
Sage is widely used in the preparation of cosmetics, as it can quickly heal the skin of the face and have a beneficial effect on damaged hair.
Sage for hair
Sage herb contains a lot of essential oils, resins and other substances that strengthen hair, prevent hair loss and stimulate growth, as well as get rid of dandruff. To obtain this effect, masks, tinctures, decoctions are used. This makes the hair soft and silky. But it is important to keep in mind that homemade sage rinses (decoctions and infusions) wash off the dye from the hair.
To strengthen hair, the easiest way is to use sage infusion. It is necessary to pour 3 tbsp. leaves 500 ml of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes and strain. Rinse your head twice a week. Rinse off the infusion is not required.
Tincture to accelerate hair growth
The composition of the tincture for hair growth includes:
- nettle leaves – 13 tablespoons;
- apple cider vinegar – 500 ml;
- sage and rosemary leaves – 6 tablespoons each;
- vodka – 50 ml.
Crushed leaves should be put in a glass jar. Mix vinegar with vodka and pour the resulting composition into a jar. Cover the jar and leave in the refrigerator for 2 weeks. The mixture must be stirred every day. At the end of 2 weeks, strain the tincture and put in a cool place.
The tincture should be rubbed twice a month into the scalp and left for at least 2 hours, or even overnight, wrapping your head in a towel. Wash off with shampoo.
To prepare a rinse for blond hair, you need to mix 3 tbsp. dry herbs of sage and chamomile and pour them with 3 cups of hot water. Infuse for half an hour, then strain and rinse clean hair.
Rinse for dark hair is done in the same way, only without the addition of chamomile.
Rinsing your hair with strong sage infusion is an inexpensive and healthy way to touch up your hair. To prepare a coloring infusion, you need 4 tbsp. pour dry sage with boiling water and leave for half an hour. After straining the infusion, rinse it with clean hair. The more often this rinse is used, the darker the shade will be. Thus, you can paint over gray hair.
Hydrating Nourishing Mask
To prepare a nourishing moisturizing hair mask, you will need the following components:
- 2 tbsp burdock oil
- 2 tbsp almond oil
- 3 drops of sage essential oil
- 3 drops of chamomile essential oil
Burdock and almond oil should be heated in a water bath to 37-38 degrees. Add essential oils. Lightly moisten the hair at the roots with water, gently rub the oil mixture into the skin and wrap the head with polyethylene. Wash off with water after half an hour. Apply the mask every 5-10 days for 4 months.
Mask for dandruff and hair loss
To prepare such a mask you will need:
- 4 tbsp grape seeds;
- 3 drops of sage essential oil;
- 1/2 tbsp liquid honey.
Mix the ingredients well, rub into the hair roots and wait 40 minutes. Wash off using shampoo. Apply every week until dandruff disappears.
Recipes for facial skin
Decoction for washing
Washing with a decoction of sage is useful for dry skin. You need to pour 7 tsp. dry sage 250 ml of hot water and simmer for 30 minutes, then strain and cool. Wipe the skin with a cotton swab soaked in decoction in the morning and before going to bed.
Infusion for problem skin
With an abundance of acne and blackheads, an infusion of a mixture of sage, chamomile and celandine can help. They must be taken in equal amounts (1 tablespoon each) and pour 250 ml of hot water, leave for half an hour, then strain. Make lotions for 5-10 minutes.
It is very easy to make ice cubes to preserve youthful skin: freeze an infusion of sage leaves in an ice mold (2 tablespoons per 250 ml of water, leave for 30 minutes). Wipe the face with ice cubes in the morning and evening until they melt completely.