Poisonous plant with red berries

Getting into the forest during the ripening season of berries and mushrooms, an inexperienced layman forgets that not all of them are edible and safe. Of all the variety of berry plants, it is necessary to distinguish those that, behind their attractive and bright shell, hide their poisonous “nature”. You need to know this yourself and explain it to your children. Despite the fact that it is often advised to eat only wild berries that have been eaten by animals or birds, this recommendation is not correct. Some types of berry fruits that are dangerous to humans are eaten by animals without any consequences for themselves, so this is not an indicator of their harmlessness. Classification and photos of poisonous berries are presented below.

Poisonous berries: symptoms of poisoning, assistance

The main signs of intoxication caused by poisonous berries are: convulsions, convulsions, palpitations, shortness of breath, irritation of the digestive tract, depression of consciousness, dizziness. If such symptoms appear, the first thing to do is to ensure that the victim is calm, to clear the stomach. To do this, you need to drink 2-4 glasses of water with activated charcoal diluted in it (2 tablespoons per 500 ml), salt or potassium permanganate (1 teaspoon per 500 ml). Repeated repetition of this procedure will help induce vomiting, free the stomach from the toxic substance. If you have a first aid kit with you, the victim needs to take a heart remedy, as well as any laxative. If there is no first-aid kit at hand, black bread crackers, starch or milk will help. The victim must be provided with heat and qualified medical assistance should be provided as soon as possible.

Poisonous berries: photos and names

To distinguish inedible fruits from ordinary ones, it is necessary to remember their appearance and shape. Poisonous wild berries can not only cause intoxication of varying severity, but also death. Therefore, while in the forest, in no case should you eat or touch with your bare hands the fruits of unfamiliar shrubs, as well as trees.

belladonna belladonna

Other names for the poisonous berries of this plant are sleepy grass, belladonna. It occurs more often in mountain forests as single plants or entire thickets. The poisonous berries of belladonna are round in shape, with a shiny black skin, the size of a cherry. They have a sweet and sour taste and contain many seeds inside. They are very poisonous, ingestion of a small amount of fruits can cause cardiac arrest and paralysis of the respiratory system. The leaves and roots of this plant are as toxic as the fruit.

  1. Wolf’s bast

wolf berries

These poisonous wild berries are also popularly called wolf berries. It is a shrub plant growing in mixed forests. In spring, it blooms with beautiful inflorescences, very similar to lilac flowers. But even the long smell of this plant can cause headaches, coughs, sneezes and runny nose. In autumn, a poisonous red berry of an elongated shape appears. It is undesirable not only to use it, but even to touch it. The bark of this plant is also poisonous and can cause blisters and ulcers on the surface of the skin.

The shrub grows near water bodies, in damp ravines, oak forests. In folk medicine, nightshade fruits are used for treatment, but self-use is fraught with poisoning. Both its red oval fruits and leaves that emit an unpleasant odor are dangerous. The bitter fruits are juicy, with many seeds, all the greenery available on the shrub is also poisonous.

Nightshade bittersweet (red)

Nightshade black

Nightshade black

Toxic black nightshade berries are only unripe fruits. Fully ripe fruits can be eaten, they contain a large amount of vitamin C, the leaves are also eaten boiled. The fruits are round, black in color, the flesh is black-violet in color, contain dyes that are difficult to remove. Fresh fruits emit an unpleasant odor. Nightshade is found not only in forests, but also near reservoirs, ravines, roadsides. From the fruits of black nightshade, you can even cook jam.

Kupena fragrant

It occurs in dry forests, coniferous and birch, as well as in meadows, edges, steppe zones. This is a small plant (up to 65 cm) with spherical blue-black or red fruits, pointed leaves and white drooping flowers. When consumed, as well as touched, symptoms of poisoning occur with gastrointestinal upset, headaches, shortness of breath.

raven eye

A short plant with one straight stem, on which one fruit is round and black in color. The berry has a bitter taste and an unpleasant odor. Grows in coniferous and mixed forests, among shrubs. The fruits, leaves and rhizome of the plant are equally dangerous for poisoning, the signs of which are respiratory arrest, intestinal irritation, and impaired cardiac activity. Leaves affect the human nervous system, can cause paralysis. Traditional medicine uses the crow’s eye to treat boils, to lubricate various wounds, alcoholic tincture and a decoction of the leaves treat pulmonary tuberculosis.

May lily of the valley

The well-known lily of the valley flower has poisonous forest berries of red or orange color. The fruits ripen from August to September, their use causes convulsions, nausea, dizziness, impaired cardiac activity. The flowers have a strong but pleasant scent. Medicine uses May lily of the valley to treat cardiovascular diseases. But self-medication is not recommended, just like eating fruits or placing bouquets indoors.

Marsh calla

A plant with large cup-shaped leaves, on which red berries ripen, collected in a large bunch. Grows in wetlands. Together with the most common signs of poisoning, the marsh calla causes irritation of the mucous membranes. Fresh leaves, stem, fruit, and especially the rhizome are toxic.

forest honeysuckle

Many are familiar with garden honeysuckle, but few people know which berries are poisonous in forest honeysuckle. They are bright red in color, collected in a small bunch. Honeysuckle berries resemble the fruits of red currants. It can be misleading about the edibility of berries that some birds peck at the fruits of forest honeysuckle, but they are poisonous to humans. Only the blue berries of garden honeysuckle are edible. Forest honeysuckle shrubs are often used for decorative purposes.

See also:   What are coniferous plants

Euonymus

Euonymus is a shrub up to two meters high. Often planted as an ornamental shrub with beautiful red fruits. Berries are loved by birds, but for humans, their use is dangerous. The fruits look like bright red pulp peeking out of pink boxes with black seeds.

Voronet spiky

A plant of medium height (up to 60 cm), with large oblong black fruits, they also come in red or white. The plant is highly irritating with all its parts, one touch can cause severe inflammation, accompanied by the appearance of blisters. A particularly strong reaction of the poisonous substance is manifested in the mucous membrane of the eyes and mouth. Similar to it is the red-fruited crow, which has red fruits.

elderberry herbal

The plant is common in the mountainous and foothill regions of southern Russia, the fruits are small black berries with red juice inside. Small fragrant white flowers are collected in numerous umbrellas. With intoxication, death can occur as a result of cardiac arrest or pulmonary edema. The accumulation of oxyhemoglobin stains the mucous surfaces blue. However, fresh ripe fruits can be consumed processed.

Buckthorn brittle

Buckthorn poisonous berries in the forest can be found near water bodies. Black bone buckthorn fruits ripen in late summer. The bark and fruits of buckthorn brittle are used as a remedy used for constipation and for gastric lavage. Buckthorn fruits can be confused with bird cherry. Fresh consumption causes severe vomiting.

berry yew

Many have seen yew used in ornamental hedges, but few know what poisonous yew berries are, especially in the middle, where brown seeds are hidden under the fleshy, almost harmless part. Bark, shoots, yew wood are also toxic. Coniferous extract can cause human death. The poison has a paralyzing effect, causing respiratory arrest and convulsions.

It is a perennial plant with a fleshy stem and a tuberous rhizome. At the end of summer, the leaves of the plant crumble, leaving stems with a large bunch of dense red berries. After ingestion, severe intoxication, if first aid is not provided, can lead to death.

Aronnik spotted

Thus, many of the poisonous plants, when properly used and processed, can be beneficial, serve as a remedy for many diseases. However, in no case should you self-medicate without medical skills, as well as ingest the fresh fruits of the above toxic plants. If this does happen, you should immediately provide medical assistance to the victim. And most importantly, in order to avoid unpleasant consequences, you can not use an unfamiliar wild berry, touch it with your hands, and allow children to do this.

We continue to get acquainted with dangerous plants of our region, which can cause severe poisoning in ignorant adults and children. Their multi-colored berries cause a burning interest, and sometimes even taste good, but jokes with them are bad. So it is better to know the enemy by sight – after all, as they say, “forewarned is forearmed”!

The popular name – “wolfberry”, is also used to refer to other poisonous plants. The fleshy berries can be red, yellow, orange, purple or black. The plant is poisonous, but some species in therapeutic doses are used for medicinal purposes.

First green and then black, slightly sweet-tasting ivy berries are poisonous to humans, although birds eat them with pleasure (because they spread the seeds with droppings). There are known cases of poisoning of children with ivy berries, accompanied by loss of consciousness, hallucinations, severe general weakness, impaired cardiac activity.

Contains toxic substances and acids that have a local irritant effect and an effect similar to intoxication. Poisoning is rare, only after eating a large amount of fresh berries (fortunately, this does not apply to jam, beloved by the people). Symptoms of poisoning are unpleasant: vomiting, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, dilated pupils, skin rash.

A tree or shrub 1.5-2 meters high. Unripe fruits are red, ripened become purple-black. The highly toxic substances contained in the berries have a strong laxative effect. The main symptoms of poisoning are nausea, vomiting, severe painful diarrhea, blood in the urine, headache, cramps in the limbs, abdominal pain, abnormal pulse. Seven to eight unripe berries are enough for fatal poisoning.

Physalis (Chinese lantern)

This herbaceous plant with a woody stem at the base is also called earthen cranberry or emerald berry. The berries are enclosed in shells of fused sepals, similar to a Chinese paper lantern. Unlike its edible southern counterpart, physalis growing in our latitudes (including flowerbeds) is unsuitable for food due to the content of toxic substances and bitterness. Physalis leaves are also poisonous.

Herbaceous plant 15-30 centimeters high, lives in shady forest corners. All parts of the plant, especially the rhizome and berries, are very poisonous to humans and livestock. However, subject to safety measures and a small dosage, the plant (in dried form) can be used to prepare natural solutions to combat harmful insects, and is also used in traditional medicine.

The evergreen shrub parasitizes on the branches of various trees – poplars, maples, oaks, etc. Birds, especially thrushes, love to feast on white and orange mistletoe berries, but these fruits are poisonous to humans. In an insignificantly small dosage, mistletoe is used in traditional medicine, which, however, does not prove either its effectiveness or safety.

All parts of the popular fragrant plant are highly poisonous, but its fruits are especially dangerous – large red-orange berries. The glycosides contained in the plant can cause serious heart failure and lead to death. If the child touched the leaves of the lily of the valley or picked its flowers, wash their hands thoroughly.

All parts of the herbaceous plant are poisonous. Ingestion of any part of it causes severe irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, but the most dangerous for children are round dark blue, dark green or black berries. They contain cardiac glycosides, close to lily of the valley glycosides, which disrupt the activity of the heart. In addition, the berries contain substances that have an emetic and laxative effect. The juice of fresh rhizomes causes skin irritation.

See also:   Pork with honey and mustard in a pan

Herb with a thickened tuberous rhizome and basal leaves, outlines resembling a spearhead. In August, the leaves die off, and a stalk with numerous poisonous red berries remains above the ground, which crumble in September.

A popular hedge shrub, moderately poisonous in all its parts – but the dull black berries are especially dangerous when ingested. Official medicine does not use the medicinal properties of privet, however, ripe dried fruits are considered healing in folk medicine – tinctures and decoctions are prepared from this raw material.

About 50 types of honeysuckle grow in our area. These are mostly erect or spreading shrubs up to 2.5 meters high, and very rarely trees. Not all honeysuckles are poisonous: species with elongated blue fruits are edible and are often grown in summer cottages as food plants. But the wild honeysuckle of the middle lane with orange, despite all the attractiveness of their bright red and yellow fruits, cannot be eaten – although they do not belong to deadly poisonous plants, however, their berries contain substances that cause long-term (up to two or three days) pain in the pancreas, vomiting, diarrhea and act as a strong diuretic.

An evergreen coniferous plant is a creeping dense shrub or small tree with an obliquely rising trunk. Often used in the design of rocky hills, in the southern regions it also grows wild. Gives brown-black fruits with a bluish bloom (“cone berries”), rich in highly toxic essential oils, acids and resins. Poisonous and its young shoots, however, in a modest dosage are a medicinal product and are used in traditional medicine.

A small herbaceous plant 10-25 centimeters high is found in shady corners of forests. When the heart-shaped leaves wither, small cherry-red berries light up – sweet, beautiful and … deadly. In the people, the maynik is called forest grapes, but it is enough to eat 6-8 berries for the meal to end in a disappointing way. Be carefull!

A walk in the forest always amazes with picturesque nature and diversity. In the plant world you can find the most interesting trees, berries and flowers. But sometimes wild fruits are not as harmless as they might seem at first glance. There is a list of poisonous berries that can not only harm a person, but also lead to death. That is why it is important to familiarize yourself with the list of dangerous fruits that can be found in the forest, because sometimes the most attractive and seductive berries are the most dangerous. Often, juicy fruits of red and black colors pose a real threat to human life.

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May lily of the valley

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Lily of the valley is a favorite of many people. This is a beautiful plant that during the flowering period (May-June) emits a stunning aroma, which is impossible to pass by. But by September, instead of charming flowers, red berries appear, sometimes shimmering in orange. In appearance, the fruits look like a pea, they are all poisonous and are strictly prohibited for human consumption.

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Signs of poisoning with poisonous fruits are the presence of tinnitus, headache, rare pulse and convulsions.

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Belladonna

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This plant in other sources can be found under the names of mad berry or sleepy dope. During flowering, belladonna has single, bell-shaped, drooping flowers. The fruit is a black-blue berry with a sour taste, which is poisonous.

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Signs of poisoning are the presence of dryness and burning in the mouth, impaired speech and swallowing, rapid heartbeat. Loss of orientation and the appearance of hallucinations are possible.

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Maiden (five-leafed) grapes

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The fruits of the plant are very reminiscent of ordinary grapes, which people use in everyday life. Poisonous berries grow dark blue and have a characteristic sour taste. There are also fruits of bright black color. In fact, to get poisoned by grapes, you need to eat a large amount of berries, for example, a whole handful. From a small amount of wild fruits, serious consequences should not occur. But still it is better not to risk your own health.

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Nightshade bittersweet

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Despite the rather beautiful flowering, this representative of the wild nature is the owner of wild red fruits. They taste bittersweet and few people will like it. Berries ripen by October. You can most often meet the “gifts” of nature in Russia, Siberia and the Far East. Poisonous in nightshade are not only the berries, but also the leaves themselves

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Signs of poisoning are the presence of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, cardiovascular insufficiency.

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Nightshade black

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Today, the fruits of black nightshade are used in medicine in minimal quantities and prescribed dosages. Having stumbled upon a plant in the forest, in no case do you need to taste the berries: the representative of the plant world is completely poisonous. Fruits grow in the form of round, attractive, black berries.

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Snowberry white

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The snowberry is considered one of the most “survivable” plants. Its fruits remain on the branches or on the ground for a long time (even during severe cold snaps). The berries of the plant have a soft pink or white color. In addition, the beads burst delightfully underfoot, making a unique sound. Since snowberry is often found in settlements, children are the first victims to taste them.

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Signs of poisoning are nausea, dizziness and loss of consciousness.

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Buckthorn brittle

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The ripening of the fruits of this plant occurs in the month of August. In appearance, these are black berries sitting in the axils of the leaves, which are used in medicine in a certain dosage. Despite the fact that birds are happy to eat the fruits, it is not recommended for a person to eat buckthorn berries.

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Signs of poisoning are vomiting, diarrhea and general malaise.

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Honeysuckle forest

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One of the most common shrubs in the forest is honeysuckle. The plant has red and juicy-looking berries, which are arranged in pairs on the branches. For birds, the fruits of honeysuckle are edible and even a delicacy; for humans, their use is detrimental. Today, berries are used in medicine, but if a person eats several fruits of a plant, the concentration of harmful substances will be very undesirable, which will certainly have negative consequences.

See also:   Rushmoor bondi blue pelargonium photo

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Aronnik spotted

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The plant is perennial and poisonous. However, it is often used in medicine and is considered safe only if an overdose is ruled out. The fruits of this plant have a reddish color. You can meet spotted aronnik in the forests of Moldova, Ukraine, Central Europe and the Caucasus.

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Wolf’s bast

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This plant is considered one of the most beautiful and often takes part in decorating landscape areas. However, the bush poses a mortal danger to humans. Absolutely everything is poisonous in it, from the bark and leaves, and ending with the fruits. “Gifts” of nature can be red, yellow or black.

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Kupena fragrant

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A representative of lilies and lilies of the valley grows in Eurasia and North America. Despite the unusual and attractive leaves of the plant, the bluish-black berries are poisonous. Today, the fruits and leaves of the plant are used in medicine and are considered healing, but in case of an overdose, they can cause significant harm to human life.

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Voronet krasnoplodny

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The fruits of a perennial plant are represented by red oblong-oval berries. They are arranged vertically and initially grow green, after which they completely change color and complete the ripening stage. You can meet this plant in the forests of Russia, Siberia and the Far East.

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Signs of poisoning are the presence of dizziness, nausea, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.

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Voronet spike-shaped

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A poisonous plant in some sources is indicated as a black crow. Initially, the fruits are green, after which they become black, glossy, large and with an oval-cylindrical shape. Berries are collected in a brush. The plant grows in Russia, the Caucasus and Altai. Ripening occurs in July-August.

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Signs of poisoning are the appearance of blisters on the skin, diarrhea.

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elderberry herbal

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A perennial plant with an unpleasant odor is the owner of black, small berries with 3-4 seeds and red juice. Fruit ripening occurs in August and September. The most common plant in the forests of Russia and subalpine meadows.

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Signs of poisoning are headache, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

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Phytolacca american

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Quite often, the plant can be found even in city flower beds. Unfortunately, not everyone knows that it is completely poisonous: leaves, inflorescences, fruits are carriers of harmful substances. Young children are especially susceptible to the poison. Phytolacca berries are lilac in color and are arranged vertically.

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Signs of poisoning are increased salivation, burning in the mouth, cramps in the stomach or intestines.

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Yew berry

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One of the most common plants that are planted to decorate the area. Yew fruits have a bright scarlet color and are safe in the fleshy part. The seeds and wood, as well as the bark and shoots, are poisonous. They can cause respiratory arrest and have a paralyzing effect on the heart.

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Marsh calla

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The plant flowers in late spring and early summer. This is a truly beautiful picture, only the fruits of the calla are unusually dangerous for humans. Juicy red berries are collected in clusters and when consumed can cause nausea, shortness of breath, tachycardia, vomiting and severe salivation. The whole plant is poisonous.

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Common privet

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The heat-loving shrub has black fruits that ripen in early and mid-autumn. They do not fall off for a long time and attract people with their stunning appearance. You can find privet berries in Russia, Moldova, Ukraine and the Caucasus. Leaves and berries should not be consumed. Many people confuse the fruits of the plant with blueberries and experience side effects such as colic, diarrhea, weakness and convulsions.

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Crow’s eye four leaf

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This type of plant is quite unusual and after flowering it “gives out” only one fruit – a black berry resembling a crow’s eye. A representative of the plant world is growing on the territory of Russia, Europe and the Far East. The use of plant berries in medicine is quite common, but it is highly not recommended to collect and self-medicate.

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Signs of poisoning are the presence of nausea, vomiting, a drop in heart rate and even cardiac arrest.

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Euonymus

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The fruits of this plant have an attractive bright pink color. They grow in the form of four separate boxes containing black seeds inside. The pulp of poisonous berries is fleshy orange or red. Basically, the plant is found on the territory of Russia, in Kazakhstan, Sakhalin. After use, a person may notice a deterioration in well-being. At high doses, intestinal bleeding is possible.

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Going to nature, you need to be aware of all the dangers that a person may face. If it so happened that one of the relatives ate poisonous berries, it is necessary to provide first aid in case of poisoning. This will help save a person’s life. The first thing that is recommended to do is to induce vomiting in the victim and immediately call an ambulance (go to the hospital). Before the arrival of the medical staff, it is recommended to wash the stomach and warmly wrap the person.

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No need to try unfamiliar berries in the forest, because the consequences of a momentary temptation can be irreversible.

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