Orpheus apple tree description photo reviews

New varieties of apple trees resistant to scab

The most effective method of protecting plants from fungal diseases is the development of immune and pathogen-resistant varieties.

The Vf gene is now widely used in world apple tree breeding, which has made it possible to create over 150 scab-resistant varieties that require almost no fungicides.

In the North Caucasian Zonal Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture (SKZNIISiV, Krasnodar), together with the All-Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crops Breeding (VNIISPK, Orel Region), since 1985, targeted selection of apple trees for immunity to scab has been carried out. The varieties described in this article are on state variety testing. The terms of maturation, the degree of drought resistance and frost resistance are given in relation to the conditions of the Kuban.

dawn

Rassvet apple tree

Rassvet is a variety of early summer (3rd decade of June – 1st decade of July) ripening period. The tree is medium-sized, needs summer pruning, fruiting is regular. The variety is resistant to scab and highly resistant to powdery mildew. The super-early term of fruit ripening is combined with their good transportability. The advantages of the variety should also include precociousness, spectacular coloring of fruits (when ripe they are covered with a bright raspberry blush), high taste qualities of fruits (4.8 points).

Fairy apple tree

Fairy – a variety of early summer ripening. Tree of restrained growth, compact, regular fruiting. The variety is resistant to scab and powdery mildew, drought-resistant. The fruits are green in color, larger than average and large (average weight 203 g), which is very valuable for an early summer variety. The pulp is greenish, medium density, tender, juicy, good sweet and sour taste (4.5 points), with a delicate aroma. Removable fruit maturity occurs in the third decade of June – early July. In the refrigerator, the fruits are stored for up to a month or longer. Recommended for children and diet food.

Red amber

Red amber is a variety of early summer ripening. The tree is medium. It has immunity to scab and resistance to powdery mildew, frost resistance is above average, drought resistance is high. The fruits are larger than medium in size and large (185–210 g), elegant, with a spectacular bright red color, harmonious sweet and sour taste (4.7 points), with a delicate aroma. Removable fruit maturity occurs at the end of the first – the beginning of the second decade of July. In the refrigerator, the fruits are stored until the end of August.

spring

Rodnichok – a variety of summer ripening. Tree of restrained growth. The variety is characterized by high resistance to scab and powdery mildew, drought and frost resistance. The fruits are large (weighing 210 g or more), green in color with a blurred raspberry blush on the sunny side. The pulp of the fruit is very juicy (that is why the variety is called Rodnichok), sweet and sour, with a delicate aroma (4.5–4.6 points). Removable fruit maturity occurs at the beginning of the second decade of July. The consumer period continues until the end of August. Among the advantages of the variety are early fruiting (beginning to bear fruit in the 2nd year), a high yield of clarified juice.

Union – a variety of summer ripening. The tree is medium. It has immunity to scab, high resistance to powdery mildew. The fruits are very large (up to 355 g), the main color is light green, when ripe, the fruits are covered with a bright crimson (and sometimes even burgundy) blush. The pulp is juicy, excellent dessert taste, with an exquisite aroma. Tasting score of taste 4.8–4.9 points. The fruit ripening period is the 2nd decade of July. In the refrigerator, the fruits keep for two months or longer.

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Fortune

Apple-tree variety Fortuna

Fortuna is a variety of summer ripening. The tree is medium. The variety has immunity to scab, high resistance to powdery mildew, drought and frost resistance. Fast-growing, strong rejuvenating pruning is necessary. Fruit thinning is recommended, as they can shrink when overloaded with crops. The fruits are larger than average size and large (180–235 g), the main color is greenish-yellow, the integument is dark maroon almost throughout the fruit when fully ripe. The pulp is creamy, medium density, juicy, harmonious sweet and sour taste (4.8 points), with a delicate aroma. Removable fruit ripeness occurs at the end of July. In the refrigerator, the fruits are stored until September. Transportability is high.

Golden summer

Golden Summer – a variety of summer ripening, bred with the participation of the Golden Delicious variety and is similar to it in fruit taste. The tree is undersized. The variety has complex resistance to scab, powdery mildew and fruit rot, it is drought and frost resistant. The yield is high and regular. Medium-sized fruits – weighing approximately 160 g, maximum weight 250 g, truncated-conical shape. The color of fruits during the period of removable maturity is greenish-yellow, at consumer maturity – golden-yellow. Pulp of dessert taste, with gentle aroma. Tasting evaluation of fruit taste 4.7 points. Recommended for children and diet food.

Juno

Juno is a variety of late summer ripening. Tree of medium height. The variety is resistant to scab, resistant to powdery mildew, drought-resistant and frost-resistant. The fruits are very large and large (270–345 g), onion-shaped. The main color is greenish-yellow light, integumentary bright raspberry blurred blush on most of the fruit. The pulp is creamy, very juicy, with a wonderful sweet and sour taste (4.8 points), with a delicate, refined aroma.

Yekaterinodar

Apple-tree varieties Ekaterinodar

Ekaterinodarskoye is an elite form of late autumn ripening. The tree is medium. It is immune to scab, resistant to powdery mildew, drought and frost resistant. The fruits are larger than medium in size and large, bright carmine in color, sour-sweet harmonious taste, with a delicate aroma. Removable maturity occurs at the end of August. In the refrigerator, the fruits are stored until December. Transportability is high.

Lyubava

Lyubava is an elite form of late autumn ripening. The tree is medium. It is immune to scab, resistance to powdery mildew is medium, drought and frost resistant. The fruits are large (245–315 g), with a bright carmine blush, sour-sweet harmonious taste, with a delicate aroma. Removable maturity occurs at the end of August. In the refrigerator, the fruits are stored until the end of December. Transportability is high.

Vasilisa

Vasilisa is a variety of late ripening. The tree is medium. It has immunity to scab, resistance to powdery mildew is average, frost resistance is average, drought resistance is high. The fruits are large (255–350 g), with a bright carmine blush, sweet and sour pleasant taste, with a delicate aroma. Removable maturity occurs at the end of August. In the refrigerator, the fruits are stored until the end of December. Transportability is high.

Nocturne

Nocturne is an elite form of winter ripening. The tree is medium. It is immune to scab, resistant to powdery mildew, frost resistance and drought resistance are high. Fruiting is plentiful, regular. The fruits are large (up to 380 g), with a red blush. The pulp is creamy, juicy, sour-sweet harmonious taste, with a delicate aroma (tasting score – 4.7 points). The fruits keep well and are used fresh. Transportability is high.

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Talida

Talida is a variety of winter ripening. Tree of restrained growth. The variety is highly resistant to scab and powdery mildew, frost-resistant. The fruits are large (270–365 g), rounded. The main color is greenish, integumentary (may appear in years with a sharp difference in day and night temperatures, which enhance the color) – in the form of a delicate pink blush. The pulp is juicy, aromatic, excellent sweet and sour taste (tasting score – 4.8 points). The fruits keep well and are used fresh. Transportability is high.

Margo

Margo is a variety of winter ripening. Tree of restrained growth. The variety is resistant to scab, resistant to powdery mildew, frost and drought resistant. The fruits are large (up to 234 g), oblong in shape. The main color of the fruit is greenish-yellow, the integument is absent. There are many subcutaneous points. The pulp is creamy, juicy, aromatic, sweet and sour dessert taste (4.7 points). Removable maturity occurs in the third decade of September. The fruits keep well. Used fresh. Recommended for children and diet food. Transportability is high.

Orpheus

Orpheus – a variety of winter ripening. Tree of restrained growth. The variety is resistant to scab, resistant to powdery mildew, drought-resistant. The fruits are large (up to 292 g), oblong-conical. The main color of the fruit is greenish-yellow, integumentary – strongly pronounced, blurry, raspberry. There are few subcutaneous points. The pulp is creamy, juicy, aromatic, excellent sweet and sour taste (4.8 points). Removable fruit ripeness occurs in the third decade of September. The fruits keep well and are used fresh. Transportability is high.

E. Ulyanovskaya, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, North Caucasian Zonal Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture, Krasnodar.

Pure-grade planting material of these varieties can only be purchased at the “Garden Center” SKZNIISiV at the address: 350901, Krasnodar, st. 40 Years of Victory, 39; contact phones: (8-861) 252-66-21, 252-65-59.

Orpheus apple tree.

The winter variety was created in SKZNIISiV together with VNIISPK from crossing Golden Delicious tetraploid x OR18T13. Authors of the variety: L. I. Dutova, E. N. Sedov, E. V. Ulyanovskaja, Z. M. Serova, V. V. Zhdanov, T. V. Ragulina, L. V. Makhno, T. G. Prichko . The description was made by the employees of SKZNIISiV.

Trees of medium size, with a rounded crown. The main straight branches depart from the trunk at an angle close to a straight line, are compactly arranged, the ends of the branches are directed upwards. The bark on the trunk and main branches is smooth, brown. Shoots are thin, straight, rounded in cross section, brownish-brown, pubescent. Lentils of medium size. The kidneys are appressed, conical, pubescent. The tree is characterized by a mixed type of fruiting.

The fruits are large (220 g), one-dimensional, conical, regular shape with a smooth surface. The main color is greenish, the integumentary color on most of the fruits is raspberry or bright red. Subcutaneous points are few, greenish-gray, well visible. The funnel is deep, sharply conical, narrow, moderately rusty. The cup is half open. Skin is smooth and dry. The heart is large, bulbous. The chambers are half open. The subcalyx tube is short, of medium width, cauldron-shaped. Seeds are large, ovoid, brown.

The pulp is creamy, medium density, prickly, fine-grained, sweet and sour taste, with a delicate aroma. The attractiveness of the appearance of the fruit is estimated at 4.9 points, the taste – at 4.8 points (control variety Golden Delicious – 4.5 and 4.8 points, respectively). The chemical composition of fruits: dry matter – 13.7%, sugar – 9.6%, vitamin C – 5.6 mg / 100 g and vitamin P (catechins) – 72.8 mg / 100 g.

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Removable fruit ripeness in Krasnodar conditions occurs in the 2nd-3rd decade of September. The consumer period of fruits lasts from the 3rd decade of September to March. Fruit transportability is good, drought resistance is high, the variety is immune to scab and highly resistant to powdery mildew. The early maturity of the variety is high, the trees enter the time of fruiting on the rootstock M9 for the 2nd year of growth of the scion in the nursery. Young 5-8-year-old trees brought in 2007-2010. yield 24.2 t/ha, control variety Golden Delicious – 20.5 t/ha. The variety is recommended for the Krasnodar, Stavropol Territories and the Rostov Region.

Advantages of the variety: immunity to scab (Vf gene), resistance to powdery mildew, drought resistance, early maturity, high-quality fruits of early winter ripening.

Main characteristics

detailed information

Origin

The winter apple variety Orpheus was bred as a result of crossing varieties Golden Delicious tetraploid and OR18T13. Authors of the variety: Z. M. Serova, E. N. Sedov, L. I. Dutova, E. V. Ulyanovskaia, T. V. Ragulina, L. V. Makhno, V. V. Zhdanov, T. G. Prichko .

Growth Features

Winter apple tree Orpheus – a tree with restrained growth, the shape of the crown is rounded, the foliage is medium. The variety is characterized by precociousness, it begins to bear fruit if the M9 stock is used, in the 2nd year from the moment of planting. In the youth of the tree, the yield increases rapidly. It bears fruit regularly and abundantly. The apple tree is suitable for intensive cultivation technology. Differs in advantages: immunity to scab, frost resistance and drought resistance, precocity, spectacular shape and high taste qualities of apples.

Places of distribution

Distributed in Central Russia, the Central region, the Chernozem region, the Moscow region, the Volga region.

Climatic conditions

The variety has high frost resistance and drought resistance.

Diseases/Pests

The Orpheus variety is immune to scab and highly resistant to powdery mildew.

Fruit

Type of fruiting – mixed. The fruits are large (220 g), one-dimensional, conical in shape. The skin of the fruit is smooth and dry. The main color is greenish, the integumentary is bright red or crimson. Subcutaneous dots are greenish-gray, few in number. The funnel is deep, sharply conical, the calyx is half-open, the heart is large, bulbous in shape. Pulp with a creamy tint, fine-grained, medium density, sour-sweet taste, with a delicate, pleasant aroma. The appearance of the fruit is estimated at 4.9 points, taste – at 4.8 points. The chemical composition of fruits: sugar – 9.6%, vitamin C – 5.6 mg / 100 g dry matter – 13.7%, vitamin P (catechins) – 72.8 mg / 100 g. in the 2nd or 3rd decade of September. The consumer period lasts from the 3rd decade of September to March.

The bark on the trunk and main branches is brown, smooth. Shoots are brownish-brown, straight, thin, rounded in cross section, pubescent. Kidneys conical, pubescent. Lentils of medium size.

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