Ehmeya (Aechmea) translated from Greek means the tip of a peak, which in its own way characterizes the plant. It looks like this – in the form of sharp peaks sticking out of a flower pot, but at the same time, the leaves amaze with their decorative effect. Ehmei is recommended, according to the signs of the Zodiac, to breed Pisces. They protect people of this sign and contribute to the development of their intuition, increase their spirituality, develop a good attitude towards people.
Fish need to be bred at home, and at work you can put them on the table, next to your workplace. It is good to put an echmea next to you during meditation if you like to meditate and withdraw into yourself from time to time. Aechmea can inspire people of art to new achievements, help artists understand a new role. Good influence on mentors and ministers of the church.
Some types of this flower favor a calm, friendly atmosphere in the family, Ehmeya seems to follow the atmosphere in the family, smooths out all conflict situations, sets in a good mood, understanding each other.
Aechmea is a herbaceous plant with more than 250 species (according to some sources, about 300). The flower is common in the southern regions. It grows freely in Mexico and the West Indies. Found in South America. In these places, echmea can grow up to two meters tall.
Of course, in our country it is grown as an indoor ornamental plant. With this cultivation, the leaves are of course more modest in height. Depending on the species, the height of the plant varies from 20-30 centimeters to one and a half meters.
Seeds are sown in a light substrate and covered with glass, creating a small greenhouse. Until germination, maintain a certain humidity and keep warm. The constant temperature in the greenhouse should be maintained at 25-28 degrees.
After the seeds germinate, the glass can be removed, but the soil moisture must be constant. At the same time, try not to overmoisten the soil so that the plant does not rot and get sick.
It is necessary to ensure that direct sunlight does not burn small seedlings, so the plants need to be slightly shaded. Seedlings, with proper care, appear in a month. Small echmeas are ready for picking in six months.
After the plants have grown and they can be picked. They prepare nutritious soil and plant echmea in separate pots. During the year, the maintained temperature should be at least 22 degrees with high humidity. And only after that, almost adult plants can be transplanted into pots for permanent cultivation. As you can see, the procedure for growing from seeds is not an easy task and only floriculture fanatics can handle it. Moreover, flowering, thus grown flower, will have to wait a very long time.
Planting flower shoots is best done in early spring, in early to mid-March. So the plant will have time until autumn, during long daylight hours, to get stronger, build up a strong root system. If the roots on the children are still too small or they do not exist at all, then such processes should be placed in the nutrient solution to build up the root mass. You can take a slightly diluted root.
As soon as the roots appear and, in your opinion, are strong enough, they can be planted in a nutrient substrate. Nutrient soil can be purchased at gardening stores. What type of substrate is best suited for growing echmea will be prompted by a sales assistant. But you can choose your own nutritious soil for growing bromeliads.
If, when separating the children from the mother bush, the root system of the processes is sufficiently developed for planting in a pot, then the roots must be inspected, all damaged or rotten ones removed. Lightly sprinkle the roots with charcoal or crushed activated charcoal and dry for several hours.
Location and lighting
Ehmeya tolerates sunlight well, but does not stop growing in partial shade. The best location of the echmea is the western, eastern and southern window sills in the apartment. The only place where the echmea will not please you with its growth is the northern location of the windows in the apartment. There, this plant will lack light. Some species of this plant need to be shaded only in the hottest sunny hours of the day.
The pot for planting echmea should not be too deep. In principle, it is needed only so that the roots cling to the ground and prevent the leaves from falling. It may just be a wide bowl. What must be in the pot is a few holes and a large enough tray to drain water after watering. It is important to make drainage at the bottom of the pot. It can be specially bought in a store or broken shards or one or two handfuls of simple expanded clay.
Ehmeya grows well on a substrate of crushed moss (sphagnum) with the addition of ground leaves and fern roots. You can, if possible, prepare the soil yourself. To do this, you need to take one part of peat land, unripened leaf humus, moss and add 0.5 part of sand. It is good to add charcoal to this composition.
After planting a young plant, it must be placed in a dark place or shaded for several days. It is advisable not to water these days. When transplanting echmea, you need to follow a few rules. They are not difficult and even a beginner grower can handle it.
First of all, you need to remember that a young echmea needs a transplant every year. It is better to take the soil the same as for planting young plants of this species. It can also be such a composition: leaf humus, peat soil and sand. Everything is taken in equal proportions and mixed. You can buy special soil for bromeliads.
Mature plants are transplanted as needed. When the root system fills the entire pot and it is already cramped. A transplant is required with an increase in the capacity of the pot.
Drainage must be placed at the bottom. Several holes are made in the bottom of the pot, a suitable pallet is selected under the bottom. The transplanted echmea is kept in quarantine for several days, that is, they are placed in a shaded place and not watered.
Fertilizers and top dressing
Ehmeya is not too demanding on top dressing, but still once a week, two times it must be watered with fertilizers. A special composition is taken for bromeliads. It is purchased either in flower shops or in specialized stores for gardeners.
If you have not found such a fertilizer, then you can take the usual fertilizer for flowers, but dilute it in half, from the volume that is written in the instructions for ordinary indoor flowers.
Watering and fertilizing can be combined. First you need to pour a little water, then dissolved fertilizer, and then again with water. In this case, the burn of the roots of the plant is excluded if you diluted the fertilizer not quite correctly.
Ehmeya should be watered regularly with warm settled water. She does not tolerate very cold water, like all southern representatives. Water as the top layer of the substrate dries. He loves ehmeya and when water is poured into the middle of the outlet. This is where watering starts. First, in the socket, and then under the root.
He loves echmea and bathing, that is, spraying. Water can be sprayed from a small spray bottle. Especially such humidification is good in winter, when the air in the apartments is too dry and the echmea suffers from this. Such procedures must be carried out daily.
It should be noted that watering in the socket is acceptable only in the summer. In winter, this method is unacceptable and it is stopped, and watering is made more moderate. Otherwise, the growing point of the flower will rot, and the plant may die.
Caring for ehmeya will not cause much trouble. You just need to follow a few rules.
Unlike some other plants, this flower only welcomes temperature changes from day to night. And the larger it is (of course, within reasonable limits), the better the echmea responds to them. She also loves the influx of fresh air, so it is good to ventilate the room as often as possible. In summer, the maintained temperature should be in the range of 20-26 degrees. If possible, then a flower pot can be taken out onto the street or onto a balcony, veranda.
Ehmeya loves moist air. Spray it from a spray bottle with warm water, but do not wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. The optimum humidity level is over 60%.
In order for you to have fresh and strong shoots of echmea next year, you need to properly prune the children and flowers. The peduncle should be cut off at the very base, after it begins to wither. Do not rush to cut the leaves, children are formed between them. Wait for them to grow to a third of the size of an adult plant.
Pests and diseases
Most often, echmea is affected by bromeliad thyroid, spider mites, various types of aphids, and worms. If you notice that the plant has become oppressed, begins to wither, or other signs of the presence of pests appear, it is necessary, after covering the ground, to rinse the flower from the shower with cool water, washing all the leaves.
Treat with insecticides. What preparations are better to take with such processing, you need to consult with the seller in the store where you buy the powder or liquid for processing.
Echmea diseases are most often associated with improper care. With excessive watering, the root neck of the rosette of the plant and the peduncle may rot, and the plant may die.
If the leaves are wrinkled and stand drooping, then the plant does not have enough water. It is necessary to increase the dose and frequency of watering. At too low temperatures, the leaves become drooping, and the peduncle, having dried, dies. In this case, brown spots may form on the tips of the leaves. There are several other infectious diseases. These are leaf spot, fusarium and a virus that causes unexpected wilting of all leaves. In all these cases, the plant must be destroyed.
Ehmeya attracts flower growers with bright variegated decorative leaves all year round, and during flowering with blue-violet flowers. Ehmeya blooms in spring or summer, once a year.
A pleasantly pink peduncle emerges from the middle of the leaf rosette. The flower can reach half a meter in height. The flower performs only an additional decorative function.
Basically, attention is attracted by glossy leathery leaves, collected in a large rosette, with beautiful dark green or silver transverse stripes and blotches.
The most popular type of echmea among our flower growers is the striped echmea. Everything is beautiful in this species: small leathery leaves with pleasant whitish patches and a long flowering period. The flower does not wither from the beginning of flowering, and this is the middle of summer, and until the darkest days of winter.
Another species that flower growers love to grow is sparkling echmea. She fell in love with long beautiful belt-shaped leaves. An interesting color in this species – the top of the leaf is bright green, and the bottom is red-violet.
You can grow echmea by seeds and division of shoots.
Echmea is grown with seeds by truly fanatics of floriculture, since it is possible to get a flowering plant only after four to five years. The easiest way to get echmea is by division. During a plant transplant, you need to carefully cut off several shoots that have reached 10-20 centimeters. Try not to damage either the root system of the main plant, and even more so the roots of small echmea children.
In winter, echmea enters a period of rest. The air temperature during this period can be 17-19 degrees. Watering during this period should be moderate, and in no case should you pour water into the outlet. A decrease in temperature in winter contributes to the formation of flower stalks, but it is still necessary to ensure that the temperature does not fall below 16 degrees. During this period, echmea responds well to spraying. Carry out this procedure daily. In winter days, this procedure is best done in the morning.
Plant toxicity / Useful properties
It is necessary to carefully care for some types of echmea. Since the striped echmea is a moderately poisonous plant, therefore, after pruning and transplanting, you must wash your hands if you did not work with gloves. Otherwise, you may get skin irritation.
And in conclusion, unusual advice. If someone wants to, they can try.
In order for the echmea to bloom faster and earlier, the flower pot is placed in a plastic bag, where several ripe apples are placed. The bag is not tightly tied.
The procedure lasts 1-2 weeks. In four months, the echmea will bloom. This should be done with young plants that do not want to bloom.
When purchasing another flower, we do not even know about some of the harmful properties of indoor plants, and then we suddenly notice emerging health problems. If a small child or animals live in the house, then you need to pay special attention to the choice of indoor flowers and plants in order to protect their life. Some plant species contain poison in their juice or release harmful substances into oxygen.
In addition to plants that are not recommended to be kept at home, there are adverse effects on the human body of some flowers. In this case, you need to choose the right location for the future green resident, without placing him in the bedroom or, conversely, in the kitchen.
There are a lot of disputes and disagreements about dangerous plants in the house. All sayings are mixed with various signs that can eventually confuse a novice gardener.
In this article, we will look at plants that you need to be careful with and be aware of the likely consequences for the body and for energy.
List of poisonous plants
This group of plants includes those species that should not be kept at home, especially if there are animals or children due to their extremely dangerous properties. A child, like a pet, can be poisoned by similar flowers or get burned if handled carelessly.
If there are no children and animals in the house, then take precautions when caring for such plants. Be sure to use gloves when working with these colors and rinse the tools thoroughly. Never cut these flowers with a knife designed for eating in your kitchen.
Consider this group of plants:
- Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia).
A popular houseplant that attracts flower growers with huge yellow-green leaves that form a fluffy crown. The flower is dangerous for its juice, which is released when the leaves or stem are cut. If a pet or a child decides to chew on any part of this flower, then the juice that has entered the body will cause severe poisoning. In addition, dieffenbachia juice causes burns and irritation on the skin.
- Oleander (Nerium oleander).
Popular for its bright crimson flowers. The ingestion of oleander juice in the body causes blindness. The smell of a flowering plant contributes to dizziness and poor health.
- Euphorbia (Euphorbia).
This plant is represented by a huge number of species and various forms, so it is impossible to describe it unambiguously. Many representatives are similar in appearance to cacti and have thorns, the injection of which is also dangerous for a living organism. Euphorbia contains white juice in its stem and leaves, which leads to burns and irritation on the skin. When ingested, it causes poisoning.
By the way, on our website there is a large article about caring for this plant, so we recommend that you read it!
If we talk about this plant, which belongs to the euphorbia family, then it looks like a small tree with variegated leaves that have an elongated shape. Its flowers are inconspicuous, and it rarely blooms at home. The juice of this plant causes burns on the skin. If the juice gets into the blood when cut or ingested, then the case can end in death or resuscitation.
- Azalea (Azalea).
A common plant among flower lovers. It is famous for its lush and attractive flowering. The colors are very diverse: white, pink, red, yellow in azalea flowers. Azalea Sims (Indian Azalea) is considered dangerous. The ingestion of the leaves of this flower causes intestinal colic and convulsions.
- Mimosa bashful (Mimosa pudica).
A bizarre plant, which is externally represented by thin stems and small leaves. The leaves look fragile and delicate, and when in contact with an object, they curl up into a tube. Prolonged human contact with these flowers leads to hair loss and hair loss. Sometimes it comes to complete baldness. The fact is that this plant emits harmful and toxic substances that poison the human body.
- Ivy evergreen (Hedera).
This plant belongs to the Araliaceae family. It is a shrub in the form of vines. Cats are very attracted to the bright green color of the leaves of this plant, but in ivy the leaves and berries are poisonous, so the animal may die or be severely poisoned.
- denium (Adenium).
A very beautiful plant, which is represented by a thick fat stem in the form of a small tree trunk. At the top are sparse leaves and a large number of medium-sized pink flowers. The plant is very toxic, adenium juice is especially dangerous. Contact with the body causes poisoning and burns.
Monsterra is not a very dangerous plant, but still it is better not to plant it at home.
The list of poisonous plants seems to be much longer, so when buying a flower, ask what family it belongs to. There are 4 main families of the most poisonous plants, namely:
- Euphorbia family. The juice of many representatives of this class is poisonous and causes burns on the skin.
- Aroid family. Most members of this group are toxic plants. Their juice is especially dangerous.
- Kurt family. This class includes the most dangerous plants for human and animal life. They attract with their bright and colorful appearance. Wear gloves when handling flowers from this family.
- Solanaceae family. In this class, not all plants are poisonous, because the well-known potatoes and tomatoes belong to this family. But home flowers are most often toxic, and especially their fruits. Berries cause indigestion, nausea, vomiting.
Watch the video for details:
Sometimes indoor plants carry not only beauty, but also danger. For this reason, be sure to use protective equipment when working with flowers. If, in spite of everything, you decide to acquire such flowers, then try to protect them from possible contact with animals and children.
List of plants to be treated with care
There are a number of indoor flowers that can harm the human body only if they are not properly placed in the house. In addition, some varieties of plants cause allergies or mild ailments. The list of these plants is as follows:
- Lily (Lilium).
A beloved flower with a tart aroma. It is because of this concentrated smell that they are not recommended to be kept in the bedroom, as they can cause insomnia. At night, lilies emit a lot of carbon dioxide, so in the morning you can wake up with a headache and tired.
- Ficus (Ficus).
Green lush plant with oblong leaves. Ficus is not very dangerous for humans, but is more capable than others of causing allergic reactions.
- Orchid (Orchidaceae).
A beautiful plant, characterized by unusual flowering of various shapes and colors. It is better to place such a flower next to the workplace for the reason that it excites the nervous system. If you put an orchid in the bedroom, then it will lead to sleep disturbance.
We have a whole section dedicated to orchids on our website. Look, you can find a plant that suits you, they have beautiful flowers!
- Fern (Polypodiophyta).
Its action is similar to a lily. At night, the fern releases carbon dioxide, which leads to headaches in the morning.
- Hydrangea (Hydrangea).
A flower that impresses with its inflorescence with a large number of small flowers forming a “cap”. Color varies from pink to blue. Hydrangea releases particles that can cause allergies.
- Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa).
It is a perennial plant with a stem 45 cm high, white flowers form at the top. It has a very sweet and strong aroma. The plant emits particles that greatly exacerbate the organs of smell. It is not recommended to keep such a flower for people with heart disease and hypertension. With such diseases, the aroma of a flower can cause dizziness and mood swings, up to depressive states.
All flowers with a strong aroma should be placed in well-ventilated areas. Then problems with poor health will not arise.
Folk signs: what is possible, what is not?
To trust folk signs or not is a personal matter for everyone. At the same time, it is worth remembering that most often signs arise on the basis of long-term observations of ancestors. Consider what brings the appearance of some indoor plants in the house:
- Cacti are an unfavorable plant for the home. It is believed that the presence of a cactus in an apartment turns a husband into a person suffering from alcoholism. There is a second sign, which says that in a house where there is a cactus, the girl will not marry safely or will not meet the chosen one at all. Also, the cactus has a bad effect on relationships between family members.
- Ferns take vitality from a person, being an energy vampire. In a house with a fern, a person will feel constantly tired, inactive, sleepy.
- Ivy and climbing plants, according to folk signs, scare away men. In a house where there are such plants, a man will constantly strive to go somewhere. In addition, ivy negatively affects the state of mind, depriving a person of optimism and balance. It is best to keep such plants on the house, outside. So, ivy will act as a defender.
- Dieffenbachia is dangerous for its poisonous properties, and also takes health from the household.
- Mother-in-law’s tongue is a plant that has practically no stem, with elongated longitudinal leaves with a bright green color. It is believed that the presence of such a flower in the house leads to loneliness and the inability of the girl to marry. The plant negatively affects female strength, so it is dangerous to keep it in the bedroom. The flower, as it were, “expels” men from the house.
- Sansevieria is a curious plant that looks like a fish’s tail. For this reason, it is also called the “pike tail”. The leaves of the flower, painted green, have such a bizarre shape. The plant blooms and has a pleasant aroma. But, according to signs, it negatively affects family and personal life. The presence of this flower in the house leads to loneliness.
- A palm tree often decorates the interiors of many rooms, but it is better not to put such a flower at home. Palm tree contributes to the appearance of grief in the family, if you were given it. Leave this plant for office spaces or other places.
- Ficus can cause allergies, but in addition, it is believed that the flower negatively affects the appearance of children in the house. If you want a child, then this plant is not worth buying. Ficus has been a subject of controversy for a long time. There is a direct opposite opinion about this plant. It says that ficus solves infertility problems and promotes family well-being.
When organizing a flower corner in an apartment or landscaping your home, choose the flowers that best suit you, based on your lifestyle, the appearance of the flower and its properties.
According to Feng Shui, it is important to pay attention not only to the variety of the flower, but also to the state in which it is. There are several basic rules for keeping flowers and plants in the house according to Feng Shui:
- Dried flowers should not be kept in the apartment.
- All old plants that no longer bloom and do not give young shoots should be thrown out.
- Sick flowers should not be kept in the house, as they will take away your health.
- A flower that you take care of for a long time, but all actions are useless, and it fades, should also be removed from the house. The plant spreads negative energy.
- It is worth choosing those flowers whose leaves are directed upwards. According to Feng Shui, such plants bring positive energy to the house. Plants with leaves that stretch down, on the contrary, land it.
- It is better to choose flowers with a rounded shape of the leaves.
- Do not place a large number of plants in the bedroom and next to the bed.
- According to Feng Shui, all plants are divided into female and male (Yin and Yang). Women include begonia, violet, fat woman, cyclamen. Citrus fruits, dracaena, chlorophytum and others are considered male plants.
- For the most favorable energy field in the house, it is necessary to keep Yin and Yang plants.
According to the rules of Feng Shui, there are no favorable or unfavorable types of flowers, but some are still not worth buying for keeping in the house. Plants with poor energy include all those that have sharp leaves. It is believed that such flowers bring quarrels and contention to the family. Needles and thorns also provoke scandals, so you should choose plants with soft needles. The main plant that is not recommended to be grown according to Feng Shui at home is bonsai.
It is a dwarf tree, the growth of which was stopped artificially. Such a tree will stop the development of its owner, negatively affect career success and general well-being.
List of recommended plants
For good Feng Shui energy, it is recommended to grow the following flowers:
- Money tree – brings prosperity to the house in material terms. In another way, it is called “fat girl”. It is recommended to plant such a tree with your own hands, and put a coin on the bottom of the pot.
- Bamboo absorbs bad energy and turns it into positive.
- Lemon tree can increase activity and independence.
- Ficus should be placed anywhere in the house, but not in the bedroom. If this plant is in the bedroom, then the relationship between the spouses may deteriorate. It is believed that ficus relieves aggression and neutralizes negative energy.
- Geraniums should also not be placed next to the bed and in the bedroom. According to Feng Shui, this flower is believed to release essential oils that calm the nervous system and improve metabolism. But excessive inhalation of these oils causes allergies and headaches.
- Myrtle tree can improve relationships in marriage. Promotes harmony in family life and revitalization of relationships.
- The cactus has heavy energy, but is able to reduce irritability and rage. Recommended for people with an irascible temperament.
- Maranta, poinsettia help to find the meaning of life for those who have lost it, and find professional harmony.
Video about plants and feng shui:
In conclusion, I would like to say that the choice of indoor plants largely depends on your personal preferences. Observe safety precautions when handling poisonous flowers. Do not forget about their danger to children and animals.
Not all indoor plant lovers know what an echmea is.
Some are often interested in the forums how often it blooms, for others it remains unclear why echmea does not bloom at home with proper care. You will learn the answers to these and other questions from the article.
Aechmea: a brief description
Aechmea belongs to the bromeliad family and is native to Central and South America. There are about 300 varieties of this plant.
Various types of echmea are epiphytes (plants that grow on other plants – phorophytes, but do not parasitize) and those that grow in the ground. The leaves form a rosette, are monotonous and multi-colored, may have different densities. Aechmea is a popular indoor plant, despite the fact that it blooms only once. Compared to bromeliads, echmea is a flower that is fairly easy to care for in a home environment.
What conditions to create for growing in the house
Ehmeya is considered an unpretentious plant plantthat can be grown both at home and in offices, but you should try to create favorable conditions for it.
Location and lighting
Most types of echmea are light-loving plants that should be located on east or west windows. If the flower is located on the south window, then at lunchtime it must be shaded , as it does not tolerate direct midday sunlight.
In the summer, echmea can be transferred to the street or balcony, but this should be done in such a way that the plant does not get burned. Aechmea sparkling does not withstand direct rays, so it is grown in partial shade. And the curved echmea requires more light than the rest, otherwise, in low light, its leaves may begin to fade. As for the winter period, all types of this flower need additional lighting.
At home, the best temperature for echmea should be 25 ° C in summer and about 16 ° C in winter. Differences in night and daytime air temperatures stimulate the creation of a peduncle. Fresh air is very important for healthy growth, so you need to ventilate frequently the room where the flower grows often.
How to care at home
As already noted, echmea is not a picky plant. Being moisture-loving, it can still live without watering for a long time. In order for the flower to fully grow, you need to follow some rules for caring for it.
Ehmeya should be watered not only through the soil, but also through the socket, as happens in nature. When watering, water must first be poured into the outlet and only after that – water the ground. It is important that the water is soft and warm, and its temperature is slightly higher than the ambient temperature. In summer, echmea needs abundant watering, but in autumn it is recommended to reduce it. During the dormant period and at the end of flowering, water is not poured into the outlet at all – this can lead to rotting and death. plant.
Ehmeya is quite adapted to dry air, but she will not refuse spraying either. You need to systematically spray it in winter, when central heating or other heating devices that dry the air are working in the house. Spraying requires warm settled water.
If you do not have the opportunity to often spray the flower, then you can increase the humidity in another way: for this you need to place the pot in a vessel with gravel, pebbles or other drainage and poured water.
Ehmeya needs to be fertilized all year round. In spring and summer, the plant is fertilized every two or three weeks, with the onset of autumn – no more than once a month, and with the advent of winter – with an interval of 45 days. It is recommended to use special fertilizers or preparations for flowering indoor plants, but then the concentration should be halved compared to that indicated on the package. In winter, the concentration is reduced by 4 times.
In echmea, flowering lasts several months, but it happens only once. . The flowering itself begins in the fourth year of the flower’s life. After some time, the outlet of the echmea begins to die off, but during this period it manages to give birth.
Blooming can also be accelerated: for this, the pot is placed in a transparent bag with a couple of apples, which release ethylene, which stimulates flowering.
Transplant rules: soil and pot
An adult echmea rarely needs a transplant : only when its roots have completely filled the pot. Young echmea should be transplanted annually, preferably in the spring.
You need to choose a small container, at the bottom of which be sure to put drainage. The soil needed for echmea can be purchased at the store (substrate for bromeliads, orchids) or mixed independently: for this you need two parts of hardwood, one part of sand and one part of peat.
There are two ways to propagate echmea : the first is reproduction by shoots (offspring), and the second is by seeds. The most common and fastest way is the first, since the second involves a long wait (more than four years) for the plant to bloom.
The most effective for the offspring is growing it near the mother plant , since the shoot feeds on it for a long time. After some time, the dried parent plant should be removed. Most flower lovers want the flowering of the echmea to start earlier: for this, it is recommended to separate the process, but for this you need to know how to properly plant the echmea. The shoots should be separated when they reach at least 1/3 of the height of an adult, and the presence of formed roots is also desirable. After such actions, the young echmea will be able to bloom in three years.
It is possible to separate a ten-centimeter shoot with a sharp knife, but then flowering will begin no earlier than five years later. The place of the cut should be sprinkled with charcoal or activated charcoal and allowed to dry. Then the shoot should be planted in light soil, covered with plastic wrap. When roots appear in 40-45 days, the offspring can be planted in a separate pot and begin to care for him like an adult.
Propagation by seeds requires a lot of effort, and there is also a possibility of loss of varietal characteristics. Seeds are planted in peat and placed in the shade, where the temperature should be in the range of 21-24 ° C. It is necessary to carry out regular watering and ventilation. A month later, the seedlings are transplanted into heather and leafy soil, where the temperature should be between 20 ° C and 25 ° C throughout the year. A year later, you should transplant into ordinary soil.
Precautions: poisonous echmea
Many people wonder: is echmea poisonous or not? And they are not interested in this in vain, because echmea belongs to poisonous plants : its juice can cause irritation or inflammation when it comes into contact with the skin, so this houseplant should be kept away from children and pets to avoid accidents.
Difficulties in growing, diseases and pests
Ehmeya constantly needs to be inspected for the presence of pests. It is susceptible to attack by mealybugs, spider mites, scale insects. Affected leaves begin to curl, turn yellow and dry. Although the flower does not die, it loses its aesthetics. Pests should be removed with a cotton pad soaked in a simple soap solution. If this does not work, the flower should be treated with insecticides. Other possible difficulties are related to the conditions in which echmea grows:
- At low temperatures, the leaves begin to turn brown.
- At low humidity, the tips of the leaves dry.
- With a lack or excess of sunlight, the leaves turn pale or become monotonous.
- With sunburn – brown spots appear on the leaves.
In order for echmea to bloom on your windowsill, you need to make a lot of effort to achieve an incredible result. Do not forget about the precautions associated with the toxicity of echmea.