Yellow-skinned champignon is a poisonous representative of the genus Agaricus. It can be mistakenly collected by inexperienced mushroom pickers. So that a walk through the forest, combined with a “quiet hunt”, does not lead to poisoning, you need to know the features of inedible mushrooms. But do not rush to destroy them, they can have medicinal properties.
Description of yellow-skinned champignon
Pecheritsa yellow-skinned, red or false champignon has a whitish-brown cap with edges slightly curved inward. The diameter of the cap is from 5 to 15 centimeters. Young mushrooms have a rounded cap, in old ones they straighten and become convex-flat, slightly cracking at the edges.
Pecheritsa yellow-skinned is a lamellar champignon. In young people, the plates are pink, tightly attached to the leg and covered with a film, in the old ones, the film turns into a “skirt” that hugs the leg in a ring, and the plates themselves change their color to gray-brown.
The leg, 1-2 cm thick, has a brownish thickening in the lower part, an empty cavity is found inside.
On the cut of the cap or stem, the mushroom is yellow, but not immediately. Yellowing occurs gradually, so care should be taken when harvesting.
If you press lightly on the cap, you can see a similar yellow tint at the site of damage.
Another sign that should alert a person is a sharp medical smell that resembles carbolic acid.
Spores have a characteristic chocolate brown color.
Distribution areas are mixed and deciduous forests, grassy areas, as well as gardens and parks almost all over the world. Red mushroom spores were brought even to Australia and took root well there.
The time when you can collect these mushrooms for medicinal purposes is from the second half of May to the end of September. Depending on the climatic conditions of the area, this period may vary, but the bulk still grows within the summer and early autumn.
Especially abundant fruiting is observed in damp, warm weather, after heavy rains, during this period you can find “witch circles” created by mycelium. This is due to the fact that poisonous mushrooms are of little concern and they grow from the center outward, gradually increasing the diameter of the “witch’s circle”.
Poisonousness of yellow-skinned champignons
Poisonous substances contained in the yellow-skinned stove can provoke indigestion, expressed by diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. According to the degree of danger, it belongs to the medium poisonous.
If poisoning is suspected, it is recommended to do:
- gastric lavage using a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate in a volume of at least 1.5 liters;
- take a sorbent at the rate of 0.5-1 g per kilogram of the victim’s weight;
- provide plenty of drink in the form of strong tea or water;
- apply a warm heating pad to the legs and stomach to prevent disturbances in the circulatory system;
- contact a medical facility.
How to distinguish yellow-skinned champignon from edible mushrooms?
The distribution of champignons and a large number of their varieties, among which, in addition to ordinary, mainly edible mushrooms, rare poisonous ones can also be caught, require attention during collection and processing. Without a careful examination, it is difficult to distinguish a poisonous mushroom from an edible one:
- the shape and color of young mushrooms are similar;
- an unpleasant odor can be determined only when breaking or cooking;
- growing conditions are similar, as are distribution sites, so they may be nearby.
With a gambling collection, a loss of self-control is possible, especially if there are beginners and children among the mushroom pickers. The “prey” collected by them should be sorted out very carefully, trying to explain to the child how to correctly determine the edibility of mushrooms.
For safety, you need to know the main differences in the description of yellow-skinned and other types of champignons:
- The main feature, thanks to which the yellow-skinned pecherica got its name, is a change in color when the cap or stem of the mushroom is damaged. When broken, crushed or damaged by pests, the flesh acquires a characteristic yellow color. Seeing a yellowing cut, you should get rid of unwanted treats.
- A sharp, phenolic, unpleasant odor, aggravated by heat treatment, should serve as another signal that poisonous mushrooms were caught among the mushrooms. Edible champignons have a pleasant mushroom flavor.
Where is it applied?
The chemical composition of false champignon has not yet been fully studied, its use in food is categorically not recommended. It can be used as a medicinal plant in traditional medicine recipes due to its natural antibiotics. The substances agaricin and psalliotin isolated by scientists are able to resist salmonella and gram-positive bacteria.
There is a possibility that substances derived from these mushrooms may resist the growth of cancer cells
Champignons are a popular and widespread family of mushrooms that most people associate with the taste and aroma characteristic of this type of food. But along with edible species, poisonous ones come across in the wild, for example, yellow-skinned champignon, which can cause dangerous poisoning. Any person who collects champignons for the purpose of eating should be able to recognize an inedible mushroom among several varieties similar to each other.
Yellow-skinned champignon (Agaricus xanthodermrus), also known as yellow-skinned champignon or red-haired champignon, belongs to the class Agaricomycetes, the order Agarikovye, the Champignon family and the genus Champignon. It is a poisonous mushroom that causes indigestion, but, despite its poorly understood chemical composition, it is used in folk medicine.
- the hat is from 5 to 15 cm in diameter, at the beginning of growth it is distinguished by a spherical shape with edges bent inwards, then open-convex. The surface is whitish or light gray, sometimes with grayish-brown spots, dry and smooth, silky, the edges of the bedspread are visible.
- the stem reaches 1-2 cm in diameter and 6-10 cm in height. Cylindrical, slightly thickened below. Approximately in the middle of the leg is a double white ring.
- the flesh is white, turning yellow on the cut, with a predominance of a bright yellow color near the base of the leg. Red champignon is distinguished by the smell of ink or carbolic acid (sometimes it is also called pharmacy), which is not very noticeable in a fresh mushroom, but increases many times during heat treatment;
- the plates are quite thin, frequent, in young specimens they are white or with a shade of gray-pink, but as they approach ripening, they become chocolate-brown.
The fungus appears from July to October in meadows, gardens, deciduous plantations and forests in Europe, North America, and Australia, where it was introduced. It grows in groups, or “witch circles”.
Similar species and how to distinguish from the
It is quite simple to distinguish red mushroom from edible mushroom (Agaricus campestris). The last one is different:
- the absence of a pharmacy smell, instead of it a characteristic anise is felt;
- the color of the pulp, which slowly turns pink at the site of the cut.
Champignon champignon is distinguished by the slow coloring of white pulp into an orchid-yellow color.
Signs of poisoning and first aid
After eating, yellow-skinned champignon causes poisoning, characterized by vomiting and stomach upset. Signs appear after a couple of hours with diarrhea, vomiting and stomach cramps, which is a signal to call an ambulance. The main actions that must be taken by the victim before the arrival of doctors is to remove toxins that have not had time to be absorbed into the blood, using the following procedures:
- gastric lavage by irritating the root of the tongue to induce vomiting, after drinking before that up to 1.5 liters of a weak solution of potassium permanganate;
- the use of large doses of sorbents in the calculation of 0.5-1 g per kg of human weight;
- to prevent circulatory disorders, apply heat to the abdomen and legs;
- drinking strong tea or water.
Most types of champignons growing in nature are edible. Their poisonous varieties are quite rare, but if a novice or inexperienced mushroom picker makes a mistake, they can get on the table ready-made and bring a lot of trouble in the form of severe poisoning. To avoid such situations, one should study the structural features of poisonous champignon, and when collecting and sorting mushrooms, it is easy to identify such specimens.
Yellow mushroom (Agaricus xanthodermus)
Yellow-skinned champignon is also called yellow-skinned champignon . The fungus is very poisonous, poisoning them leads to vomiting and numerous disorders in the body. The danger of the pecherica lies in the fact that in its appearance it is very similar to many edible mushrooms, which, for example, are edible champignons.
The yellow-skinned stove is decorated with a yellow-skinned white hat, which has a brownish patch in the center. When pressed, the hat becomes yellowish. Mature mushrooms have a bell-shaped cap, and in young mushrooms the cap is quite large and rounded, reaching fifteen centimeters in diameter.
The plates are white or pinkish at first, becoming gray-brown with age of the fungus.
Leg 6-15 cm long and up to 1-2 cm in diameter, white, hollow, tuberous-thickened at the base with a wide white two-layer ring thickened along the edge.
The flesh, brownish in color, at the base of the leg turns quite yellow. During heat treatment, the pulp emits an unpleasant, increasing phenolic odor.
The emerging spore powder is colored dark brown.
Yellow-skinned champignon actively bears fruit in summer and autumn. Especially in abundant quantities, it appears after the rains. It is found not only in mixed forests, but also in parks, gardens, in all places overgrown with grass. This type of fungus is widely distributed throughout the world.
Habitat: from July to early October in deciduous forests, parks, gardens, meadows.
The fungus is poisonous and causes stomach upset.
The chemical composition of this fungus has not yet been established, but despite this, the fungus is used in folk medicine.
Video about yellow-skinned Champignon mushroom:
The distinguishing features of yellow-skinned champignon from an edible mushroom are its yellowing spots when touched and an unpleasant phenolic odor emitted.
Professional mushroom pickers easily distinguish yellow-skinned champignon from edible types of mushrooms, knowing its signs. But inexperienced mushroom pickers need to recognize and distinguish the hallmarks of this poisonous mushroom. A mushroom mistakenly eaten will cause poisoning, albeit mild, but quite unpleasant for a person.
The name comes from “xanthos” (Greek) – yellow and “derma” (Greek) – skin.