It’s no secret that a woman’s taste habits change during pregnancy. Therefore, it is not at all surprising that many expectant mothers are drawn to “sour and salty.” Pickled cucumbers are always held in high esteem by pregnant women, although they are not recommended to be consumed in large quantities. But as sour foods, many pregnant women prefer apples. And those varieties that are sour. How useful are apples during pregnancy is a question that interests many. So let’s look at this issue in more detail.
Benefits of apples during pregnancy
Many people know that apples are a very healthy fruit. Indeed, apples contain: fruit and organic acids, tannins, vitamins and fiber, as well as pectins.
Organic and fruit acids strengthen the walls of blood vessels, manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur, potassium and iron are essential elements that help our body to function normally. Fiber contributes to normal metabolism, and pectins remove toxins from the body. Moreover, the use of apples contributes to the active secretion of gastric juice, so it is recommended to eat them 20 minutes before a meal. But baked fruits improve intestinal motility and relieve constipation. Note that baked apples are a delicious dietary product, which is very important during pregnancy, since gaining excess weight in an interesting position is easy.
It is also important to note the fact that apple seeds contain iodine, so they are also recommended to be consumed. The daily norm of iodine is contained in only 7 apple seeds.
The use of apples allows pregnant women to prevent attacks of bronchial asthma and allergies, to provide their body with all the necessary vitamins and minerals, making up for the lack even in winter.
Pregnant women are drawn to sour, especially during toxicosis. In order to alleviate this condition, many sources recommend eating an apple. Let’s figure out if apples are so useful during pregnancy.
apples during pregnancy
An apple really helps to remove nausea, tone up the body. This is a familiar fruit for our country, so it is sold in stores all year round and in a different assortment of varieties.
A common fruit will benefit the body of a pregnant woman only if it is not abused. Measure is important in everything. In addition, the diet during pregnancy should be varied, so get vitamins from more than one source.
The recommended amount is 4 apples per day in the first stages of pregnancy.
Eat an apple half an hour before your main meal. So your intestines will be cleared faster, and the fermentation process will be ahead.
The green apple is considered the most useful, as it contains less sugar and more iron. In addition, they do not cause allergies, and sourness will help remove morning sickness.
If a pregnant woman is faced with the problem of heartburn, then it is better for her to eat baked apples in the oven. In this form, they will not contain ascorbic acid, which causes heartburn during pregnancy. At the same time, useful connections are preserved.
Also, with heartburn, you can eat dried apples or cook homemade compotes from it.
What else is useful baked apples in the oven? They help to solve the problem of constipation, they accelerate metabolism, do not irritate the walls of the stomach and do not increase acidity.
Red apples are also useful for expectant mothers, but in late pregnancy it is necessary to peel the peel. Since it leads to bloating and colic.
Do not use purchased apple juice, it may contain dyes and preservatives that harm the baby.
Why You Should Eat Apples During Pregnancy
Benefits of apples during pregnancy:
- apples contain pectin, this useful substance removes toxins;
- stimulate the secretion of gastric juices, cause appetite and improve intestinal motility;
- acids contained in apples help strengthen blood vessels;
- fiber is important for the proper functioning of the digestive tract;
- one green apple contains valuable trace elements for the body to work;
- rarely cause allergies;
- well stored in the winter, so you can get vitamins all year round;
- strengthen the immune system, fight excess weight. Green apples are natural fat burners, while they contribute to a set of muscle mass;
- help relieve nervous tension and are indicated for constipation;
- The seeds of one apple contain a daily amount of iodine.
Unloading day during pregnancy on apples
Sometimes the expectant mother can prescribe fasting days. This practice is used at a high risk of gaining excess weight, with deviations from the norm in analyzes and as a prevention of various diseases.
Before the fasting day, it is important to consult a doctor, he is obliged to explain in what form you need to use apples for you, with what to combine, what is the daily calorie intake.
What are the benefits of baked apples in the oven? Baked apples help to solve the problem of constipation, they accelerate metabolism, do not irritate the walls of the stomach and do not increase acidity.
Harm from apples
Even if your variability hit the apple season, this is not a reason to refuse other fruits.
Dietary diversity is important during pregnancy. Combine apples with berries and peaches. If you decide to arrange an apple snack for yourself, remember the daily norm of 3 apples, before meals.
Why do you get sick of apples
The cause of this problem may be purely individual.
Listen to your body and don’t eat apples for show, because it’s good for you.
Common causes of apple nausea include:
- stomach problems;
- diseases of the liver and gallbladder;
- binge eating.
What to do in this case? First, a trip to a specialist who will determine the exact cause.
Perhaps you have high acidity, then just peel the apples before eating. Try a different kind of apple.
Why do you want apples
Apples help the body absorb iron and vitamin C, which are important ingredients for people with heart problems.
The desire to constantly eat apples indicates high cholesterol or the onset of heart problems.
In the case of pregnancy, the cause may be hormonal changes in the body.
Top List of Fruits for Pregnancy
- high content of iron, iodine and ascorbic acid;
- normalization of cholesterol levels;
- help to easily digest animal proteins and fats;
- have a laxative effect.
- have a laxative effect;
- strengthen immunity;
- are an antidepressant;
- contain a large amount of iron;
- rich in potassium, which helps to improve cell regeneration.
Pear contains a lot of fiber. Ripe, juicy, soft fruits are considered useful. Do not overeat pears with flatulence.
- improve appetite;
- help to improve well-being with constipation;
- useful in hypertension;
- normalize the water-salt balance in the body;
- have a mild diuretic effect on the body.
You can get the maximum benefit from plums by eating them raw. Plums have contraindications: diabetes and obesity.
- help to get rid of insomnia and depression;
- strengthen the heart and walls of blood vessels;
- affect the youth and health of the skin;
- normalize blood pressure.
Two bananas a day can relieve nervous tension. They replenish potassium, improve appetite and reduce swelling.
Apples during pregnancy will benefit if you do not overeat. They are rich in vitamins and minerals that are important for a pregnant woman and her baby. But hypervitaminosis is just as dangerous during pregnancy as beriberi.
The main thing is to listen to your body and make a diet wisely.
Pregnant women are the most vulnerable category of patients, included in the risk group for almost all pathologies of internal organs and infectious diseases. Even completely healthy women face unpleasant symptoms and health problems during childbearing. They may experience nausea, heartburn, and other digestive disorders. Almost half of women experience edema and high blood pressure for the first time during pregnancy, many have a daily diuresis disorder. But constipation is traditionally considered the most common pathology of pregnant women.
Constipation in pregnant women occurs for two reasons. The first is an anatomical feature related to the location of the uterus. One of the main organs of the reproductive system is located between the intestines and the bladder, and as the uterus and fetus grow, the initial sections of the intestines are squeezed, causing difficulties with the passage of feces into the rectum. The second reason is a change in the hormonal background of a woman, under the influence of which all the main functions of the body slow down, including the digestion of food and its evacuation from the body. To prevent constipation, doctors recommend moving a lot, consuming enough fluids, and including foods that improve digestion in the diet. They will be discussed below.
Products for constipation during pregnancy
Why do constipation occur?
In addition to physiological factors, other reasons related to the lifestyle of a woman during pregnancy can also make it difficult to defecate. The main one is improper and unbalanced nutrition. Experts believe that about 70: women eat improperly while carrying a child, and this concept includes not only the chemical composition of food, but also its quantity. Toxicosis, which occurs in many pregnant women in the first trimester, is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, almost all of which are associated with the digestive tract. It can be heartburn, nausea, vomiting, pain in the abdominal space and epigastrium, lack of appetite.
Decreased appetite, as well as hormonal changes in the body of the expectant mother, leads to a change in eating habits and a decrease in the amount of food eaten per day. Restriction in food products leads to a decrease in the volume of the intestine and a gradual atony of the muscles of the intestinal walls: such symptoms are called “lazy” bowel syndrome and are quite easily eliminated by correcting the diet. Negatively affect the work of the intestines and sweet (refined) foods, the volume fraction of which in the diet increases by about a third, since it is sweet that best helps to cope with toxicosis.
Causes of constipation in pregnant women
Other causes of constipation in pregnant women include:
- hardening of feces as a result of insufficient drinking regimen;
- insufficient motor activity;
- swelling (especially in the third trimester).
To prevent difficulties with defecation, a pregnant woman should move enough, walk a lot, perform special exercises for pregnant women (in the absence of a threat of interruption and other complications, as well as normal health). The drinking regimen should also be plentiful: at least 1.8-2.3 liters of fluid per day.
Causes that contribute to constipation during pregnancy
Note! Recommendations for limiting drinking in case of edematous syndrome, common in Soviet obstetric and gynecological practice, are considered outdated and do not meet the physiological needs of a woman. With severe edema, women are not recommended to limit fluid intake, but salt intake should be minimized (up to 5 g per day). Vinegar, pickled vegetables, canned food should be completely excluded.
How pathology manifests itself: symptoms and varieties
The main manifestation of constipation of any type during pregnancy is a weak defecation, which in most cases is accompanied by severe pain. When contacting a doctor, it is important for a woman to correctly describe the symptoms so that a specialist can accurately determine the type and cause of constipation – treatment and recommendations on diet and nutrition may depend on this.
Classification of constipation during pregnancy
Types of pathology in pregnant women
|Name||Causes||How is it manifested?|
Atonic (from the term “atony” – muscle weakness) Decrease in the tone of the intestinal walls and weakness of the muscles of the intestine, which cause difficulty in moving the fecal lump. Atonic constipation often occurs against the background of dehydration. Painful defecation, feces are dense, have a large volume and the shape of an elongated sausage. After a bowel movement, a woman usually does not feel relief. The process of passing feces can be accompanied by intense pain and cramps Spastic (from the word “spasm”) Uneven, arbitrary contractions of the intestinal walls, which do not allow creating sufficient tension in all parts of the small and large intestines to ensure the necessary peristalsis Has a short course. Feces – dense, looks like small lumps of dark brown or black. Before a bowel movement, a woman may experience cramping pain in the lower abdomen. Dry stools
Clinical symptoms of constipation during pregnancy
Important! With spastic constipation, a woman is shown a constant sparing diet to reduce the load on the intestines and restore normal peristalsis. With atonic constipation, the use of laxative products may be recommended for a limited period of time (including fasting days in the second and third trimester).
What to eat: what foods will help avoid constipation?
A properly drawn up menu during pregnancy is the key not only to the normal functioning of the intestines, but also to the prevention of possible complications and health problems for the mother and fetus. If a woman adheres to the rules of a healthy diet from the beginning of pregnancy, the likelihood of constipation and other digestive disorders will be minimal, since the work of the gastrointestinal tract depends on the foods that a pregnant woman consumes. The following are foods that will help normalize the peristaltic activity of the intestine and avoid constipation.
Principles of prevention and treatment of constipation during pregnancy
Sources of plant fiber
Fiber – coarse plant fibers that are not digested by digestive enzymes, but are processed by microflora. Fiber is called the “intestinal brush”, as it absorbs all allergens, toxins and other harmful substances and removes them from the body unchanged, restoring intestinal motility and cleansing the blood of toxic products. Plant fiber is found in all fruits and vegetables. A lot of fiber is found in berries, greens and cereals, so the daily inclusion of these products in the menu ensures the prevention of constipation and the normal functioning of the digestive tract.
It is better to choose seasonal fruits: apples, bananas, pears. For women prone to allergies, it is better to give preference to yellow and green varieties, since fruits with a bright red color contain a large amount of coloring pigment that can provoke a pathological reaction. You can eat any vegetables, but it is important to monitor the content of starchy vegetables in the general menu. Of the berries, gooseberries, white and red currants, and cherries are most useful.
Common symptoms of constipation during pregnancy
In order for fiber-rich foods to bring maximum benefits, they must be consumed correctly during pregnancy. To do this, follow the recommendations of experts listed below.
- High blood sugar (gestational diabetes) is one of the common problems of pregnant women, so fruits with a high content of fruit sugars (such as grapes and persimmons) should not be consumed more than 1-2 times a week.
- The maximum serving of dried fruits should not exceed 5-6 pieces.
- Starchy vegetables (potatoes, beets) can negatively affect bowel function and cause bloating, so they should not be consumed more than 200 g per day.
What foods should be included in the menu for constipation
Note! Women with colitis, gastritis, duodenitis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are recommended to use baked fruits.
Soups and entrees
Nutritionists from different countries still cannot agree on whether soup should be considered an obligatory dish of the daily menu. Despite this, all doctors recommend including soup in the diet during pregnancy, as this dish allows you to provide additional intake of fluids and vegetables and avoid constipation caused by dehydration or insufficient intake of vegetable fiber.
Useful and harmful foods during pregnancy
Soups during pregnancy are best prepared from vegetables with minimal addition of potatoes and pasta. It can be cabbage soup, borscht, vegetarian soup. Puree soups are especially useful, such as pumpkin soup with cream or cauliflower soup with grated unsalted cheese. Women who are used to adding sour cream to soup can not give up their habit, but it is important to strictly control the amount of the product and its fat content: sour cream should not have a fat content of more than 15%, and the daily amount of product consumed should be no more than 1 tablespoon. The recommended amount of soup for pregnant women is 280-300 ml per day. With frequent constipation, you can add chopped fresh herbs and some rye crackers to the dish.
Note! Some women, in an effort to limit their fat intake, refuse to add roasted soup to their soup. You should not do this, since vitamins A and E, contained in onions and carrots, are absorbed almost completely only together with fats. Meat and fish broths must be diluted with boiled water in a ratio of 1:1.
Nutrition advice during pregnancy
Dairy products and milk-based products
Pasteurized milk, low-fat cheese, cottage cheese, natural yogurt – all these products are necessary not only to prevent constipation, but also to ensure sufficient calcium intake, which is necessary for the growth of the musculoskeletal corset of the fetus and the health of the bones and joints of a pregnant woman. The choice of dairy products on store shelves is huge, so the recommendations of doctors should be taken into account when compiling the menu.
- Whole cow’s milk can adversely affect intestinal motility, so during pregnancy it is better to replace it with goat’s or pasteurized milk with a fat content of 2.5% to 3.2%.
- The daily norm of cottage cheese during pregnancy is 100-150 g. It is better to fill it with acidophilus or yogurt.
- Yoghurts should be bought only natural. Such a product should not contain dyes, flavors, preservatives and other chemical additives. The ideal composition of natural yogurt: skimmed milk and sourdough.
Strengthening and relaxing products
Note! The shelf life of natural products based on milk is from 3 to 7 days.
What can you drink to prevent constipation?
An ideal product for the prevention of constipation is kefir. This fermented milk drink contains a large number of bifidus and lactobacilli, which normalize the composition of the intestinal microflora and restore the normal functioning of the digestive tract. To avoid difficulties with bowel movements, it is enough to drink 1 glass of kefir before going to bed. If a woman does not like the taste of kefir, she can replace it with bifidok or ryazhenka. Curdled milk, acidophilus and whey are also useful. The serum contains almost all the vitamins and minerals needed by a woman and a developing fetus, helps to control weight and has a positive effect on a woman’s immune and nervous system. To improve the taste of the product, you can add a little natural juice to it.
Prohibited foods during pregnancy
Fruit and vegetable juices are another healthy drink for pregnant women. They contain a lot of pectin, fiber and vitamins, help control appetite and improve bowel function. Drinking freshly squeezed juices is best for an afternoon snack or after dinner. It is not recommended to use them on an empty stomach, especially for women suffering from gastritis. To prevent constipation and increase the tone of the body, 1 glass of juice per day is enough.
Other drinks that stimulate the intestinal walls include:
- spring or mineral water without gas;
- berry juice;
- compote of fresh or dried fruits;
- weak green tea;
- herbal teas from linden, chamomile and other hypoallergenic herbs.
Dietary advice for constipation
Important! Raspberry leaf tea is contraindicated for pregnant women at any gestational age, as it can provoke uterine contractions and cause premature onset of labor.
Sample menu for pregnant women with constipation
Breakfast : cottage cheese casserole (150 g), peach and apple puree (100 g), linden tea with one spoon of honey (180 ml).
Second breakfast : whole grain bread with a thin layer of butter and a small piece of cheese (10 g).
Lunch : cabbage soup with beef (250 ml), two slices of rye bread, mashed potatoes with meatballs (220 g), boiled broccoli (50 g), dried apricot compote (150 ml).
Afternoon snack : Anniversary cookies (2 pieces), bifidok (180 ml).
Dinner : cod with cream sauce (140 g), grilled vegetables (100 g), tomato juice (200 ml).
Before going to bed : a glass of warm milk or yogurt.
Meal for one day with constipation
The menu can be adjusted taking into account the taste preferences and individual needs of the woman, but it is important to follow the norms of a healthy diet and monitor the content of the main useful elements in the daily diet of a pregnant woman. If there is no effect, you can use drugs. Pregnant women are allowed: Duphalac, Microlax, Lactulose, Goodluck, Lavacol . Before using any drug, you should consult your doctor.
Drugs for the treatment of constipation during pregnancy